good studio will have everything a rehearsal studio has
and more, including full recording facilities, effects,
sound engineer and possibly separate drum and vocal
booths. How you record your tracks depends on your
competence and preferred method of working.
your songs "live" as if you were performing at
a gig - allows you to retain the energy of performance
and is the quickest way if you are an experienced band
instrument is recorded seperately, often to a click
track or guide vocal - much slower but produces more
professional results - better for newcomers but far more
expensive due to the extra time taken.
to Backing Tracks
studios now provide this cheaper alternative and will
often provide the backing tracks for you to use. This
method is suitable for newcomers, solo artists, duo's
and vocal groups.
range from an hourly rate to £100+ per day and you will
have to include the mixdown time into your budget
(anything from 1 hour to 7 days depending on amount of
tracks recorded & instruments used) and your
finished 1/4", 1/2", 1" or 2" master
tape which you should negotiate to retain. (If buying
your own master tape Ampex are good but make sure that
the tape width is compatable to the recording studio's
equipment.) The hourly or daily rates rarely
include the cost of the master tape, cd duplication,
artwork, backing tracks, licensing, musicians and
producers fees unless stated otherwise.
If you can spare the time and cash, record 8-10 tracks,
use the best 2-3 on your demo tapes and press an album
to sell at your gigs.
What is a Package Deal?
A studio may offer a package deal that reflects their
working preferences. For instance - those that prefer to
block book and work on albums, long term projects, bands
will offer a block booking package at a reduced price
i.e, hourly rate = £20.00, Reduced block booking rate
e.g. 8 hours = £120.00. (The figures may be way out but
you get the general idea!)
A more recent concept is the small production studio
which concentrates on package deals designed for solo
artists, songwriters and vocal groups. The singer can
choose between a wide range of professionally produced
quality backing tracks from a variety of artists
provided by or licensed to the studio specifically for
demo use. This usually consists of a set time period (1
hour, 1 1/1 hours etc), in which your voice is recorded
and mixed with the track by a sound engineer and/or
music producer who may also offer original songwriting
production/remixing services. The studio normally
retains the master tape which may get erased or re-used
for other artists (you may have the option to purchase
the master), and you get to take home the finished CD
complete with neatly produced artwork, label and
Who Owns the Copyright on recorded material?
1. The author of the song owns the copyright (if thats
you - copyright protect your music before allowing
anyone to hear or view your compostition).
2. If you collaborate with another artist/musician to
create a song you both own the copyright unless agreed
3. If the studio provides musical expertise - i.e, puts
music to your lyrics - technically they own the
copyright to the music and you own copyright to the
lyrics. Check with the studio / musician / producer for
their policies and negotiate possible copyright purchase
or royalty payments prior to recording.
4. If you are recording a cover version YOU are
responsible for obtaining permission for use from the
artist, publisher or recording company who owns the
copyright. Acceptable use for a covers song usually
includes non-commercial use i.e, a demo for bookers,
agents, managers or A&R, however, if you intend to
record cover versions with the intention of selling the
CD at gigs, radio airplay or release then you MUST
obtain permission and pay any fees required.
Who Owns the Master?
1. If you purchase the medium (i.e., tape, cassette,
minidisk) on which the master is recorded then it
belongs to you.
2. If the studio owns the medium on which the songs are
recorded - they own the master in production but you own
the completed master. (In other words the song is still
yours as is the finished product, however the tape or
other medium on which it was originally recorded is
retained by the studio. Usually these tapes get re-used
and it's not an issue.
What to put on a demo!
Ideally before you record your demo you need to think
about what your aiming for. If you want a
solo singer/songwriting career then original songs are a
Whatever area you want to work in albeit covers or
original, cabaret, theater, festivals or the
solo/duo/band pub/club circuit then the demo should be a
compilation of your interpretation of the type of songs
you will be performing (i.e., ambient, blues, choral,
classical, country, folk, gospel, jazz, opera, rock,
theatrical, heavy metal) for your potential audience.
Basically you need to tailor your demo tape/cd to the
market you are aiming to perform for. For a
working musician this would be the style of music you
feel comfortable playing with competence regardless of whether
it is a cover version of a favourite song or artist or
your own work.
The demo has to show your capabilities and potential so
aim to produce something that will appeal to your
potential booker/agent, manager, publishing or record
company to show off your talents and gain their
For booking or entertainment agents an audio or video
demo should be made up of three or four 30 sec to 1
minute snippets of a variety of material rather than
full songs and never send anyone an original song
without copyrighting it first!! 1 fast, 1 slow & 1
mid tempo song is the average but with 'snippets' you
can get away with 5 tracks, with the last track a full
song (you can use a song that is included in an earlier
'snippet' - if they are interested they may want to hear
more so do 2 demo tapes - one with 'snippets' to send
out and one with 3 good full songs or a showreel for
serious follow up enquiries.
If you are singing along to one of your favourite
artists songs make sure it is a 'backing track' and does
not have the original artist singing - some people have
made this mistake and it sounds really unprofessional -
if you want to be taken seriously then you must have a
professional attitude even as an amateur!!
Review your demo on a regular basis. Does it still
reflect the type of music you are currently performing?
Does it contain material that demonstrates your
abilities to their fullest extent wether that be vocal,
songwriting or both? Has your voice or style of music
matured, developed, changed? Are YOU happy with your
Recording on Home Studios
You can save a lot of money and by purchasing a few good
pieces of equipment and learning how to use it
effectively. Whilst this is not viable for a band using
live drums (unless you have the space and understanding
neighbours!), other artists can learn to produce high
quality recordings. There are tons of books and articles
available on the internet which provide information on
recording, mixing and effects.
Don't send out demos without researching the
management/record company first for an idea of what they
are looking for, some only deal with bands or
songwriters and many managers will not consider artists
who perform 'covers' of their favourite artists.
Managers will not do anything for you until you have
done a certain amount for yourself, you will be expected
to audition or be seen working so make sure that what
you put on the demo tape/cd is material you perform well
and can reproduce in an audition or at a gig even if its
to a backing track. Read more about Management in the
Artist Management section!
are just a small example of the extensive links to
online exercises and lessons written by industry
professionals that we have available at the Sound
Engineering Articles section at the Electric Blues
Club, which contains links to the page (when not a
framed site) plus answers to pretty much everything a
beginner, intermediate, advanced singer or teacher needs
to know about sound engineering and recording! (All
links below open in a new window).
- Z Sound Glossary
Excellent sound glossary explaining each term used in
sound and recording with cross-referances to related
terms. The site contains text descriptions and
information about mixing desks, input devices, wireless
microphones, processors and how to use them suitable for
beginners to intermediate users. This is a USA site so
please remember that their electricity supply works at a
different ampage from UK. USA readers should also check
out his links section which contains manufacturers,
dealers, distributors, hire companies and reference
Few Tips on Recording Demos
Handy advice for artists from Bob Ross recording studio
whose site also includes articles on making albums for
record companies, songwriting and recording tips for
you really do it all yourself?
can you get major label quality recording at home?
a recording setup
A five part series of articles from Sound on Sound
- A simple explanation
is actually quite an extensive explaination for
beginners on the compressor, how it works and basic
advice on using compression from Music & Technology.
vs. standalone recorders
What is the difference? By Dennis Kambury "When it
comes to multitrack recording, the options can be
overwhelming. Host-based or native, all-in-one or
standalone - how does one make sense of it all, and pick
the best system? We'll try to de-mystify the choices and
give you a better idea of what it all means in relation
to your recording needs. There are two main categories
of recording technology: computer-based and standalone.
We'll take a look at both of these, then see how they
Organization is the key word when to comes to recording
your home demos. By Andy Cahan, the Demo Doctor.
Submitting a Good Demo from Musician.com.
Article from MusicRecording
Provides a host of articles on CD Mastering,
Compression, FAQ on Digital Audio, how to align and set
up Subwoofers and other related recording articles.
Discussion about various types of effects singers use
when performing live or recording.
- Using Microphones
There are some questions of recording technique which
seem to come up again and again. Paul White sets out to
answer some of the most common queries on how to choose
and use microphones... from Sound On Sound Magazine.
Recording: The Demo Doctor
Studio veteran Andy Cahan talks about how to get the
best from your song before you send it out.
where musicians and composers can swap information and
Information and advice by Jeffrey & Todd Brabec
available at Taxi.
To Record A Band
Your guide on recording a band's entire demo CD
Royalty free downloadable loops and samples. Fill out
the simple survey for access to free downloadable loops.
Article produced by MusicRecording
What It Is and Why You Shouldn't Do It In Yor Garage
Whether you've just been signed by Clive Davis, you're
making a CD to sell on mp3.com, or composing underscore
for a Sundance Film Festival entry; you'll be more
competitive, more satisfied and more relaxed if you let
a mastering pro finish the job. By Ron Boustead.
Mic Techniques for Video Production
Article produced by MusicRecording
From the producers point of view includes monitor
mixing, how to get a good mix, stereo format and a
variety of other recording related subjects by
Money & Sampling Part 1
by Jeffrey & Todd Brabec of ASCAP
Covers the areas of Sampling and the implications to
recording including permissions, negotiations and
Money and Sampling, Part 2
Sampling: When can you do it? Who has to approve it? How
is the money divided? Read about these and other
important issues. By Jeffrey and Todd Brabec.
Resources for the Recording Musician. Message Board, How
To Guides, Required Reading Book List, Links/Directory,
Royalty free downloadable productions music and sound
effects for all forms of media.
a Great Narrative Audio Track
Article produced by MusicRecording
Article produced by MusicRecording
Voiceovers At Home
Need to setup a home studio to record voice narration
for home videos, indie productions, commercials, and
more? In this article, Jeffrey P. Fisher discusses what
you need and how you can do it.
Article by Intermusic
Since videos can in many cases be as important to your
career as CDs, this entire area is critical to both the
you and the record company. By Jeffrey and Todd Brabec.
Midi Synchronized Vocals
Article by AFX.
A new series of articles provided by professional studio
designer John Storyk starts with SMALL ROOMS -- LOW
FREQUENCY CONTROL advice on Internal Room Acoustics and
Home/Project Studio design at the Electric Blues Club.
for the Record Producer and Recording by MusicRecording
Vocals by Rick Ording
The article explains how to master the psycological and
technical process of recording a singer including
everything from preparation and mics to trouble shooting
and mixing. Aimed at songwriters, dj's producers and
Community website with audio recording tips and
techniques, articles and forums for home studio users of
all levels. Articles include Making your own cables,
Blending Vocals in the Mix and Recording Music on your
in a Recording Studio
Article by singing teacher to the stars 'Tona de Brett'.
Guide to Demo Submission
gives you a free trial download of this book packed with
independent music publisher listings, information on how
to package your demo tapes like a pro, marketing your
songs online, US songwriting organisations, contests and
advice on legal clauses, writing demo and follow up
letters (with free examples to copy) and how to avoid
making common mistakes when pitching your songs.
Recording Engineer **NEW**
An interesting forum for sound engineers and those who
are interested in seeking a career as an audio engineer.
Recording for Video
.pdf document http://www2.austincc.edu/buck/alt/altteach/video/Sound%20Recording.htm
Provides tips and information on microphone suitability
and sound set up for use with camcorders and video
Factors that affect intelligibility in sound systems
article from Meyer Sound Laboratories includes diagrams
for home and project studios by MusicRecording
Cult record producer Russell Writer (recently voted in
the top ten of most creative record producers of all
time) provides tips and behind the scenes info on some
of his previous recorded works including film and tv
Recording and production articles produced by
Recording Studio Listings
Addresses and links to their websites are provided in
the database / links section.
Article on recording the singing voice from an engineers
point of view by MusicRecording
Artist Movie Song Contracts
How the money is distributed when the songwriter is also
a recording artist, and is not only creating the song
for the motion picture, but also performing it in both
the film and on the soundtrack album. By Jeffrey and
Informative newsletter letting you know what the record
companies want and connecting you with A & R in the
UK, Ireland and Worldwide.
US Company providing song critique and A&R
An excellent resource packed full of A&R articles,
tips and advice plus a worldwide searchable database of
A&R, Publishing & Labels which includes contact
ISA - The International Songwriters Association. A great
resource for all songwriters with members receiving a
magazine which includes record labels currently seeking
acts and their requirements plus a copyright recording
facility. Also arranges Showcases for new talent.
Scouts (London UK)
are dedicated to connecting talent with industry and
industry with talent. Visit the UK site to advertise
& meet new unsigned talent. All for FREE!!
UK Company acts as a bridge between companies &
browse more links to record companies, labels and online
| Alternative Country
Film / TV Music
| Hip-Hop |
COMPANIES INDEX A - Z
MUSIC GROUP (AOL TIME WARNER)
INDEX A - Z
alternative tastes for adventure capitalists
Red | Solar
Crush | Solar
Cola | Solar
Citrus | Solar