Map of Denmark
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe, with two additional overseas constituent countries also forming integral parts of the kingdom; the Faroe Islands in the North
Atlantic and Greenland in North America. Denmark proper is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, located southwest of Sweden, with which it is connected by the Øresund Bridge, and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. The country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland, and many islands, most notably Zealand, Funen, Lolland, Falster and Bornholm, as well as hundreds of minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago.
QUEEN MARGRETHE II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid; born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. As the eldest child of King Frederik IX and Ingrid of Sweden, she succeeded her father upon his death on 14 January 1972. On her accession, she became the first female monarch of Denmark since Margrethe I, ruler of the Scandinavian countries in 1375–1412 during the Kalmar Union. Having been on the Danish throne for 42 years, she is currently the longest-reigning of the three Scandinavian monarchs (Sweden's Carl XVI Gustaf has reigned since 1973 & Norway's Harald V has reigned since 1991). She is one of two queens regnant currently on the throne along with Queen Elizabeth II. Margrethe was born in 1940, but did not become heir presumptive until 1953, when a constitutional amendment allowed women to inherit the throne (after it became clear that King Frederik was unlikely to have any male issue).
Originally the home of the Vikings, Norse seafaring explorers who invaded and settled in many parts of Europe and Russia, Denmark emerged as a unified kingdom in the Middle Ages. Denmark's later history has particularly been influenced by its geographical location between the North and Baltic seas. This meant that it was between Sweden and Germany and thus at the center of the mutual struggle for control of the Baltic Sea; before the digging of the Kiel Canal, water passage to the Baltic Sea was possible only through the three channels known as the Danish straits. Denmark was long in disputes with Sweden over control of Skånelandene (Scanian War) and Norway, and in disputes with the Hanseatic League over the duchies of Schleswig (a Danish fief) and Holstein (a
German fief). Eventually Denmark lost the conflicts and ended up ceding first Skånelandene to Sweden and later Schleswig-Holstein to the German Empire. Denmark obtained Greenland and the Faroe Islands in 1814 after the dissolution of a personal union with Norway, although the Danish monarchy, which had ruled over both Norway and Denmark, had been in possession of the colonies since the fourteenth century.
PM - Helle Thorning-Schmidt (born 14 December 1966) is a Danish politician who has been the Prime Minister of Denmark since 3 October 2011, and the Leader of the Social Democrats since 12 April 2005. She is the first woman to hold either post. Helle served as a Member of the European Parliament for Denmark from 1999 to 2004 before being elected to the Danish Parliament in 2005. Helle Thorning-Schmidt holds degrees in political science from the University of Copenhagen and the College of Europe.
Denmark's northernmost point is Skagens point (the north beach of the Skaw) at 57° 45' 7" northern latitude; the southernmost is Gedser point (the southern tip of Falster) at 54° 33' 35" northern latitude; the westernmost point is Blåvandshuk at 8° 4' 22" eastern longitude; and the easternmost point is Østerskær at 15° 11' 55" eastern longitude. This is in the archipelago Ertholmene 18 kilometres northeast of Bornholm. The distance from east to west is 452 kilometres (281 mi), from north to south 368 kilometres (229 mi).
SMART CITY EURO-STATION - The Ecostar DC50 city sports car is shown here to scale alongside a universal Bluebird™ energy cartridge (in red) of the form suitable for most super-mini city cars of today. The Ecostar is a very small and low sports car. Whereas, the service station is designed to accommodate large vans. These drawings are to give you some idea of the size of the plot of land that is needed in a city. The example service station is shown here with solar panels on the roof. There would be nothing to stop an operator from having other buildings and land with more solar panels to harvest renewable energy. In addition, a service station like this is a load-leveling device for power generating stations that are on tickover between peaks. You might ask why then, that there are currently no utilities looking at this project? The reason is that coal is much cheaper for them to burn, regardless of climate change - and there is nothing to stop them doing so. Because, 2030 Euro targets are not binding on member states. Check out the report by Business Monitor International. Note also, that it makes no difference which way around a vehicle enters the service tunnel. That is because a Bluebird™ energy cartridge may be loaded either way - and still connect electrically correctly. The design of the Eurostation is © copyright Bluebird Marine Systems Ltd. The system' workings are soon to be patent applied for - which is why we cannot show how we achieve a low-cost utility with only 28 moving parts. Investors and development partners are invited.
MONA LISA 2
MonaLisa 2 is a Swedish led project concentrating on Sea Traffic Management with increased focus on the safe navigation of large passenger vessels, after the Costa Concordia and Baltic Ace accidents in January and December 2012. MonaLisa 2 is a continuation of the MonaLisa 1 project, the partners for which are as follows:-
The Danish Maritime Authority has responsibility for the construction, equipment and operation of Danish ships including safety, navigational regulations, ship registration, shipping policy, maritime law as well as industrial policy, both nationally and internationally. The DMA is a government agency part of the Ministry of Business.
The Finnish Transport Agency The Finnish Transport Agency is responsible for the traffic management on roads, waterways and railways. The Finnish Transport Agency’s Hydrographic Office publishes printed and electronic charts of Finland’s coastal and lake areas and manages the ongoing chart update service.
GateHouse is specialises in the development of technical software and system integration for advanced satellite communications and tracking systems. They are a leading independent provider of complete embedded software for Inmarsat BGAN terminals
SAAB serves the global market: governments (navy), coastguards and corporations with products, services and solutions from military defence to civil navigation via LPI pulsed radar, sonar and other transponders.
SSPA provide effective marine transport solutions for the maritime field – ship design, maritime operations, port development and coastal services. Seventy percent of the earth’s surface is water, with 90 percent of cargo transported by ships. SSPA is aware that the maritime industry has tremendous impact on our environment.
Maritime Administration (SMA)
offers modern and safe shipping routes with 24 hour service. SMA is a
governmental agency and enterprise within the transport sector and is
responsible for maritime safety and the future of shipping, primarily
merchant shipping, but also pleasure boating and fishing. Services
include: Port Pilots and Marine Traffic Information
MONA LISA CONTACTS
The MUNIN project is to develop and verify a concept for an autonomous ship, which they define as a vessel primarily guided by automated on-board decision system. The onboard system is finally controlled by a remote operator in a shore side control station. The concept therefore runs parallel to the thinking of the SolarNavigator team - provided only that the levels of autonomy may vary - clearly, a solar powered ship is that much more self reliant.
The Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML (Fraunhofer CML) is situated at the Hamburg University of Technology in Hamburg, Germany. Fraunhofer CML homepage Hans-Christoph Burmeister, is the project coordinator at Fraunhofer CML
The Norwegian Marine Technology Research Institute (MARINTEK), Trondheim, Norway. MARINTEK is a company in the SINTEF Group, one of Europe’s largest independent research institutions. MARINTEK homepage
Hochschule Wismar – University of Applied Sciences Technology: Department of Maritime Studies is part of the faculty of Engineering at Hochschule Wismar, situated in Rostock-Warnemünde, Germany. They are exerts in simulator training as full mission ship handling carried out by Professors and lecturers with license management levels such as Master of a ship or Chief Engine Officer. Hochschule Wismar homepage
Aptomar AS is a Norwegian company located in Trondheim specialising in marine sensor systems such as the SECurus system that combines advanced stabilized long range IR and digital video cameras with an Electronic Chart System which overlays information of several sources for a speedy evaluation of real time situations for good response. Aptomar AS homepage
MarineSoft Entwicklungs- und Logistikgesellschaft mbH is an internationally operating provider for maritime software solutions, located in Rostock-Warnemünde, Germany. It offers state-of-the-art solutions in the field of maritime simulation of machinery plants, computer based training applications, information and operation systems, consultancy and courseware. MarineSoft homepage
Marorka ehf is a leading provider of energy management solutions for the international shipping industry with it’s headquarters in Reykjavik, Iceland. Marorka’s products and services enable vessel operators to optimize fuel consumption by maximizing the energy efficiency of their vessel or fleet. Marorka ehf homepage
University College Cork UCC is situated in south-west Ireland and was founded as a Queen’s College in 1845. The Law Department at UCC is at the forefront of legal research in Ireland, the EU and internationally in various areas, including environmental law, human rights, marine law, business law, comparative law, constitutional law and legal theory. UCC homepage
Project Manager - Hans-Christoph Burmeister
Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML
Ørnulf Jan Rødseth
Dep. Maritime Transport Systems
DRONE MICRO BATTLESHIP - A Scorpion HK - fitted with 4 x SAM turrets (one per corner), for 360 degree independent cover. Each SAM turret carries 8 missiles (Rapier example), giving a battery of 32 rockets to fend off enemy aircraft. The micro battleship is also shown here with 4 Tomahawk cruise missiles in protected bays, fore and aft, and 4 x 21" MK48 torpedoes in the outriggers - all drawn to scale - as a prelude to proof of concept. The torpedoes and cruise missiles would not be visible, but we've shown them as though the drawing were an x-ray. The OAL of this genius design is 52.7m or 171 feet. She can cruise all day and night at 7-10 knots and sprint up to 25knots, depending on specification.
This original concept vessel is design copyright © BMS Ltd 2014. The technology is also patent applied for. Being an unmanned drone, there is no need for crew quarters, provisions or other life support. What is essential is a robust onboard navigation system that is artificially intelligent. Another essential, is encrypted satellite communications, such that firing of missiles is sanctioned by a human operator. If fired upon, the robot ship will return fire in self-defence mode. RoboShip is about to come of age.
The battleship also carries a ROV that may be deployed from the mothership remotely, with other sensors to locate and clear mines. In tandem with military surveillance duties, the ship can sample and map the oceans all at the same time. That could save any navy a pretty penny - not to mention - that this vehicle is powered by energy from nature. So, no nuclear waste and no diesel smog = environmental peacekeeping.
ROUTE MAP DANISH CANNONBALL RUN - The Cannonball International EV Run™ series is for battery or hydrogen fuel cell powered electric vehicles that are based on ordinary production vehicle running gear and must be capable of carrying at least one passenger. They may be solar assisted, provided that the solar panel area does not exceed four square meters - a rule that may be relaxed in subsequent years as we learn from experience. See the full Cannonball EV rules HERE. These rules are designed to promote the development of an international EV infrastructure, as a means of accelerating the transition from IC engines to clean electric motors, especially in countries that do not have abundant sunshine, where support for non-solar assisted electric vehicles is all the more important.
SKAGEN to COPENHAGEN: THE DANISH CANNONBALL ZEV RUN SUGGESTED STOPS @ 50mph AVE
OTHER OFFICIAL CANNONBALL INTERNATIONAL ROUTES
PAINTING & PHOTOGRAPHY
While Danish art was influenced over the centuries by trends in Germany and the Netherlands, the 15th and 16th century church frescos which can be seen in many of the country's older churches are of particular interest as they were painted in a style typical of native Danish painters.
LINKS & REFERENCE
Denmark entry at The World Factbook
Denmark entry at Encyclopædia Britannica
A guide to Danish Culture at Denmark.net
Denmark at UCB Libraries GovPubs
Denmark at the Open Directory Project
Tourism portal at VisitDenmark.
Key Development Forecasts for Denmark from International Futures
Summary vital statistics about Denmark from Statistikbanken
Denmark at OpenStreetMap
Satellite image of Denmark at the NASA Earth Observatory
Vifanord.de – library of scientific information on the Nordic and Baltic countries
The ultimate Robot Boat. Solarnavigator uses an advanced SWASH hull as the platform
to mount the world's first autonomous circumnavigation. A successful expedition could pave the way for improved safety at sea.
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