WORLD GEOGRAPHY A - Z ATLAS

Where you find yourself on the planet and where we are in the solar system determines your fate

 

 

 

The more we know about our precious blue planet, the better we can manage our future.  Please use the links table below to explore the countries of the world and learn about our fellow man, their customs, needs and the land they inhabit.

 

This free A to Z resource features Youtube video footage from around the world and google map locations for easy reference. Isn't technology wonderful.

 

The design of the Elizabeth Swann, and world navigation route, are the subject of continuous development.

 

 

 

HYDROGEN/SOLAR (BUNKERED) CIRCUMNAVIGATION CHALLENGE:

 

 

 

LEG

NAUTICAL MILES

BUNKERING

WAYPOINT

SUNSHINE DAYS

-

-

-

-

-

START

-

-

-

-

-

-

FILL UP

Gibraltar

00.00

1

729

-

Tenerife, Canary Islands

4.34

2

3,154

-

Trinidad, Port of Spain

18.77

3

1,182

1

Panama City

7.04

4

970

-

Galapagos

5.77

5

3,640

-

Tahiti

21.67

6

1,423

-

Tonga, Nukualofa

8.47

7

410

-

Fiji, Suva

2.44

8

1,886

1

Port Moresby PNG

11.23

9

340

-

Thursday Island, Cape York

2.02

10

724

-

Darwin

4.31

11

1,572

-

Jakarta, Indonesia

9.36

12

1,881

-

Colombo, Sri Lanka

11.20

13

2,109

1

Aden, Yemen

12.55

14

698

-

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

4.15

15

670

-

Port Said, Egypt

3.99

16

1,111

-

Palermo, Sicily

6.61

17

170

-

Naples, Italy

1.01

18

940

FINISH

Gibraltar

3.01

-

-

-

-

-

-

23,609

-

RUNTIME DAYS @ 12.5kts

78.70

-

-

(ADD 3  DAYS)

RUNTIME DAYS @ 13kts

75.67

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(ADD 4  DAYS)

14 KNOTS AVE INC

70.26

-

-

-

AT 15 KNOTS AVE

65.58

 -

-

-

AT 16 KNOTS AVE

61.48

 

 

 

HYDROGEN HYBRID TRANSIT EXAMPLES - The above table, when compared to the Solar route planner, shows us the difference in performance we might expect using hydrogen as the propulsive fuel, either in combination with solar power, or stand alone.

 

The hydrogen and solar powered Elizabeth Swann is capable of speeds above 18 knots in the right conditions.

 

 

 

 

 

WORLD GEOGRAPHY

 

 

 

Adelaide

Aden - Yemen

Afghanistan

Africa

Alaska

Albania

Algeria

Amazon Rainforest

Amsterdam

Antarctic - Scott

Arctic North Pole

Argentina

Asia

Athens

Australia

Austria

Aztecs - Mexico

Baghdad

Bahamas

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Barbados

Beachy Head, England

Belgium

Benin

Berlin

Bermuda

Black Rock Desert

Bohemia

Bolivia

Bonneville Utah History

Bonneville, Utah, USA

Brazil

Brighton - West Pier

British Columbia

Buckingham Palace

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burma

California

Canada

Canary Islands

Cape Horn

Cape Verde

Cape York - Au

Caribbean

Cayman Islands

Central Africa

Chichester Harbour

Chile

China

Columbo - Sri Lanka

Columbia

Corfu

Cowes, Isle of Wight

Crimea - Republic Of

Croatia

Crooked Island, Bahamas

Cuba

Cyprus

Czechoslovakia

Darwin - Australia

Daytona Beach

Denmark

Eastbounre Pier, England

Earthquakes

Ecuador

Egypt

Eindhoven

Estonia

Equator

Europe

Falkland Islands

Falmouth, Cornwall

Fiji

Finland

Florida

France

Galapagos Islands

Geography Links

Geography Mountains

Geography Records

Geography Resources

Geography Statistics

 

 

Germany

Ghana

Gibraltar - Links

Greece

Greenland

Guinea

Guinea Bissau

Hawaii

Holland the Nertherlands

Hollywood, California, LA

Hong Kong

Hungary

Hurricanes

Iceland

India

Indonesia Links

Iran

Iraq

Ireland

Isle of Man

Isle of Wight - The Needles

Israel

Italy

Ivory Coast

Jakarta - Java

Jamaica

Japan

Johannesburg

Jordan

Kent, England

Kenya

Korea South Republic

Korea North

Kuwait

Kyoto

Lanzarote, Gran Canaria

Las Vegas

Lebanon

Liberia

Libya

Liechtenstein

Life on Earth

Lithuania

London - Big Ben

London Eye

London Houses Parliament

London - Buckingham Palace

London - Old Bailey

London - Overview

London - The City

London - Tower Bridge

London - Trafalgar Square

Luxembourg

Madame Tussauds

Malaysia

Mali

Malta

Marshal Islands

Mauritania

Maya Empire - Central America

Melbourne, Australia

Middle East

Mexico

Monaco

Morocco

Mountains

Mumbai

Naples- Italy

National Geographic

Nepal

New York

New Zealand

Niger

Nigeria

North Africa

Norway

Nova Scotia

Oceans and Seas

Oman

Pakistan

Palermo - Sicily

Palestine

Palma - Malorca

 

 

Panama Canal - Links

Paris

Pendine Sands

Peru

Philippines

Pisa, Leaning Tower

Planet Earth

Poland

Port Moresby - PNG

Port Said - Egypt

Portugal

Puerto Rico

Qatar

Quebec

Rio de Janeiro

Romania

Rome

Russia

Salt Lake City

Samoa

Saudi Arabia

Scandanavia

Scotland

Senegal

Siera Leone

Singapore

Solomon Islands

Somalia

South Africa

South America

Southampton

Spain - Espana

Sri Lanka - Links

Stonehenge

Sudan

Suez Canal

Sundancer Holiday Resort

Sussex, England Index

Sweden

Switzerland

Sydney, Australia

Syria

Tahiti - Polynesia - Links

Tahitian - Men & Women Customs

Taiwan

Thailand

The Gambia

Togo

Tokyo, Japan

Tonga - Polynesia

Toronto

Trinidad - Lesser Antilles

Trinidad and Tobago

Tsunami

Tunbridge Wells, England

Tunisia

Turkey

Tuvalu Islands

UAE - United Arab Emirates

UK Statistics

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United Kingdom - Gov

USA

Uruguay

Vanuatu Islands

Vatican City

Venezuela

Venice

Vienna

Vietnam

Volcanoes

Volendam

Wales

Washington D.C.

WAYN Where Are You Now

Wealden iron industry

Wendover

West Africa

World Peace Supporters

Yemen

Yugoslavia

Zurich

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://earth-planet.org/

 

 

ZERO CARBON GLOBAL CIRCUMNAVIGATION CHALLENGE 

 

The Elizabeth Swan could circle the globe autonomously adding a new scientific dimension to an exciting hydrogen or solar powered expedition. As you can imagine, the planet's geography is pivotal to the planning of the route and the design of the ship. Many routes have been proposed, developed and investigated.  The best example of which, and the most likely, is shown on this page, known as the 'Sunshine Route.' (Please note this project is under new management by a film company working with the Cleaner Ocean Foundation,, rather than just a navigation attempt.)

 

One of the most important factors to be considered is the safety of the ship and crew, but the Swan could complete this mission unmanned if so equipped and such technological innovation is well within our grasp.

 

Many tropical areas are only safe from storms for six months of the year and other areas are prone to piracy.  Our route is west-about so as not to fight the prevailing winds on a course designed to capture the sun.  The ships average performance will determine the time of the voyage and that depends on how much sunshine and wind energy it can capture.

 

Energy from the sun varies according to the angle of the incoming radiation. This radiated energy is called insolation and it is different for any position on earth at any given point in time. Thus, it is the position of the Elizabeth Swan on the earth's surface that determines how much energy the ship receives - even with the 'solar wings' tracking the sun.

 

The graph below was the development tool for designing the size of the 'solar wings' and the target weight of the boat. From the weight of the boat we can calculate drag - and from the drag we can calculate the energy we need to power the ship. Designing a boat is like a dog chasing its own tail. You have to start somewhere. Once you know the approximate figures, you can begin to tighten up the specification. A weight analysis is crucial. A weight analysis must include everything to make the ship complete. It's difficult. Any naval architect will tell you that. The ship is also the product of the mission. This particular mission is to go around the world in 280 days or under autonomously.

 

 

 

A GRAPH USED AS A DEVELOPMENT TOOL TO ESTIMATE SOLAR PANEL AREA FOR A GIVEN PERFORMANCE

 

 

Waypoint

Latitude

Sun/Mins

Leg/Mins

Kw/Hrs @ 18% m2

X panel area ?

Waypoint

Kw per hr

Gibralta

36

252

264

47.52

253.44

Gibralta

10.56

Canary Is

28

276

297

53.46

285.12

Canary Is

11.88

Lesser Ant

14

318

325.5

58.59

312.48

Lesser Ant

13.02

Panama

9

333

331.5

59.67

318.24

Panama

13.26

Galapagos

10

330

322.5

58.05

309.6

Galapagos

12.9

Maquesas

15

315

310.5

55.89

298.08

Maquesas

12.42

Tahiti

18

306

304.5

54.81

292.32

Tahiti

12.18

Tonga

19

303

306

55.08

293.76

Tonga

12.24

Fiji

17

309

321

57.78

308.16

Fiji

12.84

Solomon

9

333

333

59.94

319.68

Solomon

13.32

Torres

9

333

328.5

59.13

315.36

Torres

13.14

Darwin

12

324

327

58.86

313.92

Darwin

13.08

Christmas

10

330

337.5

60.75

324

Christmas

13.5

Chagos

5

345

334.5

60.21

321.12

Chagos

13.38

Aden

12

324

313.5

56.43

300.96

Aden

12.54

Port Said

19

303

274.5

49.41

263.52

Port Said

10.98

Sicily

38

246

244.5

44.01

234.72

Sicily

9.78

Palma

39

243

247.5

44.55

237.6

Palma

9.90

Gibralta

36

252

247.5

44.55

237.6

Gibralta

9.90

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This particular graph starts as the average insolation for each of the waypoints of the Sunshine Route. It's up to you how conservative your estimate is, but it is just that - an estimate. World insolation figures are available for many positions on earth, but not for the open ocean. There are other variables, for example the efficiency of your solar cells, and that comes down to cost. We have elected to build the Elizabeth Swan as economically as possible - and that means no exotic materials. This decision also makes us more attractive to project partners - and validates the commercial possibilities for solar powered cargo ships.

 

 

 

 

THE LINKS BELOW ARE TO A PREVIOUS PROPOSAL FOR A SOLAR POWERED EXPEDITION WAYPOINTS IN 2006

 

 

 

 

We hope you will in part experience the flavour of this exciting voyage from the destinations listed above and learn something of the exotic locations.  The World is indeed our Oyster.

 

 

 

Records to beat:-

 

1. The electric Trans-World Ocean record - 585 days (571 days adjusted).

 

 

 

World Solar Autonomous Navigation Challenge route map

 

THE SUNSHINE ROUTE

 

 

CIRCUMNAVIGATION MILESTONE EXPEDITION ESTIMATES

 

1.

MONACO

START LINE

2.

GIBRALTAR

DAY 14 UPDATE

3.

TENERIFE - CANARY ISLD

DAY 28 UPDATE

4.

TRINIDAD - WEST INDIES

DAY 42 UPDATE

5.

PANAMA CANAL

DAY 56 UPDATE

6.

GALAPAGOS ISLANDS

DAY 70 UPDATE

7.

TAHITI

DAY 84 UPDATE

8.

TONGA

DAY 98 LATEST

9.

FIJI

DAY 112 UPDATE

10.

PORT MORESBY - P.N.G.

DAY 126 UPDATE

11.

CAPE YORK - AUSTRALIA

DAY 140 UPDATE

12.

DARWIN - AUSTRALIA

DAY 154 UPDATE

13.

JAKARTA - JAVA

DAY 168 UPDATE

14.

COLOMBO - SRI LANKA

DAY 182 UPDATE

15.

ADEN - YEMEN

DAY 196 LATEST

16.

SUEZ CANAL

DAY 210 UPDATE

17.

PORT SAID - EGYPT

DAY 224 UPDATE

18.

PALERMO - SICILY

DAY 238 UPDATE

19.

NAPLES - ITALY

DAY 252 UPDATE

20.

MONACO

DAY 266 UPDATE

-

WORLD'S FASTEST CELEBRATIONS

HOMECOMING

 

USE THE LINKS ABOVE TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT THE PROPOSED WORLD ROUTE WAYPOINTS

 

 

Map study showing alternative routes investigated for the SolarNavigator Mk2

 

Map study showing alternative routes investigated for a fast circumnavigation as the Gold (sunshine), Red, Green and Blue routes. The table below is for the Sunshine Route.

 

 

LEG

NAUTICAL MILES

TIME IN PORT

WAYPOINT

SUNSHINE DAYS

-

-

-

-

-

START

-

-

Monaco

0.00

1

784

2

Gibraltar

4.67

2

729

2

Tenerife, Canary Islands

4.34

3

3,154

2

Trinidad, Port of Spain

18.77

4

1,182

2

Panama City

7.04

5

970

2

Galapagos

5.77

6

3,640

2

Tahiti

21.67

7

1,423

2

Tonga, Nukualofa

8.47

8

410

2

Fiji, Suva

2.44

9

1,886

2

Port Moresby PNG

11.23

10

340

2

Thursday Island, Cape York

2.02

11

724

2

Darwin

4.31

12

1,572

2

Jakarta, Indonesia

9.36

13

1,881

2

Colombo, Sri Lanka

11.20

14

2,109

2

Aden, Yemen

12.55

15

698

2

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

4.15

16

670

2

Port Said, Egypt

3.99

17

1,111

2

Palermo, Sicily

6.61

18

170

2

Naples, Italy

1.01

19

393

FINISH

Monaco

2.34

-

-

-

-

-

-

23,846

36

RUNTIME DAYS @ 7kts

141.94

-

-

-

-

-

+ 10% service

= 156.13 Days

-

7 KNOTS AVE INC PORT & %

192.13

-& maintenance

-

-

AT 6 KNOTS AVE

224.16

 -

-

-

AT 5 KNOTS AVE

268.99

 

TRANSIT EXAMPLES - The above table illustrates one of the most likely ocean awareness expedition routes showing the time elapsed in days for 7 knots average cruising speed, including times for 5 and 6 knot averages - allowing for 10% downtime and 36 days in ports. Hence, although the objective is to reduce the current solar circumnavigation record from 584 days, the event in not an outright non-stop yacht competition in the offshore racing sense. It remains to be seen how accurate such a prediction might be.

 

 

A date for the start of the event has yet to be set, although it is hoped for a launch in 2021 and an attempt to set a number of records in 2022. Monaco is where the fun begins and ends.  The route will encompass both great Canals.  It is hoped to transit the Panama Canal in February heading for the Galapagos and thence joining the South Equatorial Current to Indonesia via the Torres Strait by August.   Still going with the S.E. trades across the Indian Ocean, then through the Suez Canal to Port Said into the Mediterranean Sea to Palermo and Monaco, where it is hoped a new Guinness world records will be set.  It is expected this expedition will last around 280 days, including around 60 days of docking for provisions, media and public relations events.

 

 

 

In addition to planning a route for good sunshine, it is an advantage to be able to tilt the ship's wing-panels towards the sun to collect as much energy from each daily pass. To do this we use a Solar Tracker. We also use electronic MMPT to ensure that each bank of panels is giving as much power as it can, while working with other banks of panels. 

 

 

THE FUTURE

 

Eventually, it is hoped to be in a position to travel around the world in 80 days or less using energy from nature. We know that is a long way off, but if somebody does not try to raise the bar, we will never get there. For sure, as and when an autonomous navigation is safely completed, that will herald a new era of navigation precision. See the Jules Verne Hydrogen Trophy (JVH2).

 

 


ACIDIFICATION - ADRIATIC - ARCTIC - ATLANTIC - BALTIC - BAY BENGAL - BAY BISCAY - BERING - BLACK SEA - CARIBBEAN - CORAL - CORAL SEA - EAST CHINA SEA

ENGLISH CH - FINLAND - GOC - GUANABARA - GULF GUINEA - GULF MEXICO - INDIAN - IRC - MEDITERRANEAN - NORTH SEA - PACIFIC - PERSIAN GULF - SEA JAPAN

SOUTHERN -

STH CHINA - PLASTIC - PLANKTON - PLASTIC OCEANS - SEA LEVEL RISE - SOUTHERN - UNCLOS - UNEP WOC - WWF

 

AMAZON - BURIGANGA - CITARUM - CONGO - CUYAHOGA - GANGES - IRTYSH - JORDAN  - LENA - MANTANZA-RIACHUELO

MARILAO - MEKONG - MISSISSIPPI - NIGER - NILE - PARANA - PASIG - SARNO - THAMES - YANGTZE - YAMUNA - YELLOW

 

 

 

This website is Copyright 1999 & 2024 Cleaner Ocean Foundation Limited, an environmental educational charity working hard for world peace.   The names AmphiMax, SeaVax, Elizabeth Swan and Kulo Luna are trademarks. All other trademarks are hereby acknowledged.