ALGERIA

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Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر‎, Al Jaza'ir  Berber:, Ledzayer [ldzjər]), is the second largest country on the African continent. It is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Niger in the southeast, Mali and Mauritania in the southwest, and Morocco as well as a few kilometers of the Western Sahara, in the west. Constitutionally, Algeria is defined as an Islamic, Arab, and Amazigh (Berber) country. Algeria is a member of the African Union; it is also a member of OPEC (Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries).

 

 

 

Algeria, president Abdelaziz Bouteflilka

 

 

Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria

 

 

 

 

الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية
Al-Jumhūrīyah al-Jazāirīyah
ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah ash-Shabīyah

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Algerian flag Algerian coat of arms
Flag Emblem
Motto: من الشعب و للشعب   (Arabic)
"From the people and for the people."
Algeria world location map

Capital
(and largest city)

 Algiers
3642′N 313′type:country(2,381,741)

Official languages

Arabic (de jure), and French (de facto)1

Government

Semi-presidential republic

 - President

Abdelaziz Bouteflika

 - Prime Minister

Abdelaziz Belkhadem

Etablishment

 

 - Ziyanid dynasty

from 1236 

 - Ottoman rule

from 1516 

 - French rule

from 1830 

 - Republic

July 5, 1962 

Area

 - Total

2,381,741 km (11th)
919,595 sq mi 

 - Water (%)

negligible

Population

 - 2005 estimate

32,930,091 (35th)

 - 1998 census

29,100,867

 - Density

14/km (196th)
36/sq mi

GDP (PPP)

2006 estimate

 - Total

$253.4 billion (38th)

 - Per capita

$7,700 (88th)

GDP (nominal)

2005 estimate

 - Total

$102,026 billion (48th)

 - Per capita

$3,086 (84th)

HDI (2004)

 0.728 (medium) (102nd)

Currency

Algerian dinar (DZD)

Time zone

CET (UTC+1)

Internet TLD

.dz

Calling code

+213

 

 

 

 

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Map of Algeria

 

Map of Algeria

 

 

 

 

 

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