of the Pacific Islands, showing the partner governments to a Blue Bond,
that is to enable the stability of transportation and move away from
Solomon Islands is a sovereign state consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania lying to the east of Papua New Guinea and northwest of Vanuatu and covering a land area of 28,400 square kilometres (11,000 sq mi). The country's capital, Honiara, is located on the island of Guadalcanal. The country takes its name from the Solomon Islands archipelago, which is a collection of Melanesian islands that also includes the North Solomon Islands (part of Papua New Guinea), but excludes outlying islands, such as Rennell and Bellona, and the Santa Cruz Islands.
The islands have been inhabited for thousands of years. In 1568, the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña was the first European to visit them, naming them the Islas Salomón. Britain defined its area of interest in the Solomon Islands archipelago in June 1893, when Captain Gibson R.N., of HMS Curacoa, declared the southern Solomon Islands a British protectorate. During World War II, the Solomon Islands campaign (1942–1945) saw fierce fighting between the
United States and the Empire of
Japan, such as in the Battle of Guadalcanal.
The official name of the then British administration was changed from the British Solomon Islands Protectorate to the Solomon Islands in 1975, and self-government was achieved the following year. Independence was obtained, and the name changed to just "Solomon Islands" (without the definite article), in 1978. At independence, Solomon Islands became a constitutional monarchy. The Queen of Solomon Islands is
II, represented by the Governor-General.
Solomon Islands' per-capita GDP of $600 ranks it as a lesser developed nation, and more than 75% of its labour force is engaged in subsistence and fishing. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. Until 1998, when world prices for tropical
timber fell steeply, timber was Solomon Islands' main export product, and, in recent years, Solomon Islands forests were dangerously overexploited.
Other important cash crops and exports include copra and palm oil. In 1998 gold mining began at Gold Ridge on Guadalcanal. Minerals exploration in other areas continued. In the wake of the ethnic violence in June 2000, exports of palm oil and gold ceased while exports of timber fell. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold.
Solomon Islands' fisheries also offer prospects for export and domestic economic expansion. A Japanese joint venture, Solomon Taiyo Ltd., which operated the only fish cannery in the country, closed in mid-2000 as a result of the ethnic disturbances. Though the plant has reopened under local management, the export of tuna has not resumed. Negotiations are underway that may lead to the eventual reopening of the Gold Ridge mine and the major oil-palm plantation.
Tourism, particularly diving, is an important service industry for Solomon Islands. Tourism growth is hampered by lack of infrastructure and transportation limitations.
The Solomon Islands Government was insolvent by 2002. Since the RAMSI intervention in 2003, the government has recast its budget. It has consolidated and renegotiated its domestic debt and with Australian backing, is now seeking to renegotiate its foreign obligations. Principal aid donors are Australia, New Zealand, the European Union, Japan and Taiwan.
The Solomon Islands courts re-approved the export of live dolphins for profit, most recently to Dubai, United Arab Emirates. This practice was originally stopped by the government in 2004 after international uproar over a shipment of 28 live dolphins to Mexico. The move resulted in criticism from both Australia and New Zealand as well as several conservation organisations.
The Solomon Islands dollar (ISO 4217 code: SBD) was introduced in 1977, replacing the Australian dollar at par. Its symbol is "SI$", but the "SI" prefix may be omitted if there is no confusion with other currencies also using the dollar sign "$". It is subdivided into 100 cents. Local shell money is still important for traditional and ceremonial purposes in certain provinces and, in some remote parts of the country, for trade. Shell money was a widely used traditional currency in the Pacific Islands, in Solomon Islands, it is mostly manufactured in Malaita and Guadalcanal but can be bought elsewhere, such as the Honiara Central Market.The barter system often replaces money of any kind in remote areas.
PACIFIC BLUE SHIPPING PARTNERSHIP
Coalition know as the Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership includes the
Governments of: Fiji,
Solomon, Tuvalu and Vanuatu Islands, as announced on Tuesday 24th
September 2019. The Partnership has set an emissions reduction target of
40% by 2030, and full decarbonisation by 2050. There are as yet limited
practical solutions to solve the coalition's aims.
region imports 95% of its fossil
fuels. Imported petroleum
accounts for an average of 40% of GDP in Pacific island countries, with
the transport sector the largest fuel user.
archipelago states of small island populations spread over vast ocean
distances, sea travel is vital for linking communities and for economic
development. The lack of regular connectivity between islands is a major
constraint on domestic, social and economic development and on
international trade. This represents a challenge that falls within scope
of the Horizon
2020 call for proposal in September 2019.
Peter Nuttall, a scientific and technical adviser for the Micronesian
Center for Sustainable Transport at the University of the South Pacific,
Guardian that shipping was the “absolute lifeline” of any
“Without shipping, our economies die, our people can’t survive. In
places like the Solomon Islands or the Marshall Islands, 80% to 90% of
all goods arrive by ship. We have the most expensive shipping in the
world, the longest transport routes, and the worst ships.”
He said the Pacific
was acutely vulnerable to oil shocks, citing examples from remote
Pacific islands where critical services, such as visits by health
professionals, had to be abandoned because fuel prices were too high.
Dr Nuttall said the Pacific “cannot wait for the rest of the world.
We have to bespoke design a Pacific solution if it is going to work, not
leave the Pacific to languish.
running the biggest risk. The Pacific did nothing to cause climate
change, but we’re about to get smashed by it. What is it we can
practically do to make people’s lives better now? We know the answers,
and we don’t have time to wait.”
- Pacific Island coalition seeks zero carbon shipping.
the Solomon islands natural heritage ..
- End view of a zero emission container ship that is designed for long
distance runs and payloads of 120 tonnes. Ideal for economical transport
with adding to global warming
- Side and plan views of a zero carbon container ship that is powered
only by the sun and wind. The design features autonomous tracking of the
light and wind energy using computers, to enhance energy harvesting.
Rock Desert, Nevada
Utah - History
- West Pier
York - Au
- Central America
- S. America
- Sri Lanka
Isle of Wight
- Florida USA
England - Sandgate
Eye - Madame
- The City
- Tower Bridge
Canal - Links
Sands - Carmarthen
Moresby - PNG
Said - Egypt
Lake City - Utah
Lanka - Links
- Lesser Antilles
- United Arab Emirates
Cola drinkers care about climate
Thirst for Life
BENGAL - BAY
BISCAY - BERING
CH - GOC
GUINEA - GULF
MEXICO - INDIAN
SEA - PACIFIC
GULF - SEA
JAPAN - STH
CHINA - PLASTIC
OCEANS - SEA
LEVEL RISE - SOUTHERN