Many years ago while attending a Battery Vehicle Society (BVS) event, our project manager, Nelson Kruschandl, met Cedric Lynch and Geoff Harding (famous for his electrically propelled human torpedo operations during the 2nd World War) and got a chance to talk batteries and see the electric cycle on which Cedric travelled from London to Birmingham on one battery, without stopping to re-charge. 


Some years later in 1996 Nelson again met up with Cedric when a company called Refuelable Electric Vehicles was formed to develop Nelson's patent battery exchange system for road going cars, and they needed to consult an expert about motors.  




The Lynch Motor - To Buy Online (click picture)



Cedric built his first motor to enter a competition to see who could go furthest on one battery charge in a boat.  The story goes he cut up old baked bean cans to fabricate the interleaves of his armature.  The motor produced was mated to an outboard motor shaft and his boat covered many more laps than any other boat that day.  Soon after this Richard Fletcher as London Innovation invested in Cedric's designs and later Powergen also invested in Cedric's idea, helping to finance the production of his motor.








The Lynch motor is an unconventional design with a disc armature. It marries the advantages of a conventional, wound armature motor with the benefits of a flat (printed circuit) motor. It is similar to a pancake motor, but is more powerful than any of these technologies. The disc armature has magnets on both sides, doubling the available flux density and shortening the magnetic path. It therefore packs more power per pound and per cubic inch than any other motor technology. Of course such a revolutionary motor is not for every application - it is not as cheap as wound field motors, but for many applications it is a far superior motor.  It has a previously unheard of power to weight ratio and also power to volume ratio. It is also highly efficient because of the double magnet design and associated short magnetic path. It also includes integral fan cooling.


The Lynch motor is an important development which spurred other motor designers to improve their products to remain competitive, such as synchronus permanent magnet machines.  As a result of the competition between manufacturers the cost of high performance motors and controllers has fallen dramatically.  We hope the cost of solar cells also reduces to allow renewable transportation to develop as a viable alternative to carbon fuels.








Cedric Lynch built his electric bike around a mid-drive configuration, also building one of the worlds most efficient light weight electric motors to power his rig reliably at 60-MPH for significant distances. He would later set several world records with his axial flux motor and bring it to market as the Lynch / Agni motor. Briggs and Stratton would eventually buy this technology which would lead to the Etek motor, which is now famous for making high speed efficient electric hot rods.

Cedric uses to achieve high speeds is by following the rules of aerodynamics, and building a bike that is as aerodynamic and as efficient as possible. The other builders on this list bypassed this step, and Cedric uses this bicycle as daily transportation on real commutes. Although this high-efficiency motor uses “old school” brushes, this fact allows builders to use very affordable controllers. He has proven his design choices through thousands of miles of commuting, and the Lynch motor is highly respected.

Cedric Lynch is known as the creator of the Agni Motor, a highly efficient electric motor that weighs around 25 pounds and can put out as much as 50hp. 

Cedric Lynch is a British 'mad scientist' type mechanical engineer obsessed with the idea of greener transportation. His interest has been in building a super efficient yet powerful vehicle that can serve as a car replacement.

He started thinking of his own design for an electric motor in 1983 when he began entering competitions organized by the Battery Vehicle Society regarding building an efficient electric vehicle. At the time there was no reasonably priced DC motor with descent efficiency so Lynch decided to build his own utilizing modifying existing motors with old tin cans that he would spread out flat to use as cooling fins. Surprisingly using rudimentary materials and a garage work bench, Cedric was making better more efficient electric motors than any of the universities were able to manufacture in state of the art workshops.

Cedric then came up with a motor design that could be cheaply manufactured and began manufacturing his own motor that he could sell to the public in 1988 and the Lynch Electric Motor Company was born, known as LEMCO.

Cedric first used his motor to create a small boat called “The Spark” that would set an electric boat efficiency record. From there Cedric turned his attention to bicycles, an application generally considered too small for a lynch motor at that time. Cedric mounted his motor in recumbent bike, allowing him space to eventually use a set of thundersky lithium batteries.

The resulting aerodynamic recumbent bike had a top speed of 60mph and still managed an incredible range of 150 miles. Cedric rode his recumbent creation everywhere as a daily commuter, putting an amazing 50,000 miles on the machine - technically a motorbike.

Briggs and Stratton, the US firm famous for lawn mower engines, bought the technology and used it in their E-Tech Motor, and Cedric went on to manufacture his latest incarnation of his lynch design into the Agni motor, which is used in go karts, sailboats, motor boats, and even small airplanes.

The Lynch designed motors all have the same traits. Brushed motors, around 25 pounds in weight and they are able to put out enormous power compared to their weight. Sometimes as high as 50 hp (depending on amperage ran through the motor) at an incredible 98% efficiency.  Lynch Motors are also the most often used motors in electric motorcycle racing applications.








Cedric's zero-emission motorcycle, which has a top speed of 120mph, was shown in action winning the world’s first zero carbon race – the TTxGP in the Isle of Mann.

The idea for the electric motor has been snapped up by the 56-year-old’’s friend Arvind Rabadia, who together with his brother Hasmuk Rabadia had been thinking of starting a business in India. They have now set up Agni Motors to make further-improved versions of Cedric’s motors (address lower on this page).

Despite Cedric’s breakthrough invention he has no formal engineering qualifications and taught himself the techniques needed to construct his engine. He first became interested in electrics when his parents bought him a book entitled How to build things from things found at home. 







The Etek motor is a brushed 25-pound pancake shaped motor that puts out enormous power for its weight. Depending on amperage and voltage the Etek can easily provide between 15-horsepower and 30-horsepower reliably and consistently (11-kW / 22-kW). A perfect platform for a powerful electric bike if you do not mind the weight. Although brushless motors are considered more modern, a brushed motor like the Etek allows the builder to use very affordable controllers.

Cedric-Lynch invented the motor and sold it to Briggs and Stratton which US company produced the Etek at a lower price (around $600). In the late 90’s early 2000’s it was the way to go for a high-power / light-weight electric vehicle. Many small E-vehicle records were set using the Etek motor. Finally, the market had a relatively lightweight and powerful electric motor available to the masses.

In essence, the Etek allowed hot rodders to build electric bikes. Before the Etek very few people had ever achieved 50mph on an electric bike. Even today, Etek motors (and newer incarnations of the Etek motor) are used to make some super fast electric bikes. In the case of Liveforphysics, the fastest E-bikes ever.


Liveforphysics used a newer version of the Etek (the Agni motor), to achieve speeds of over 70mph, and dominate a recent hill-climb event.

Every Etek I have ever ridden has been characterized by brutal off-the-line acceleration, usually to a point where you have to apply the throttle very carefully or get thrown off. However, it is possible to run an Etek at a lower voltage or lower amperage and have a very manageable, safe, and sane electric bike that will not burn out on you, no matter high steep the incline.











Although originally designed by Cedric Lynch, virtually identical motors are now manufactured by separate companies. A variant design is also being manufactured in Germany:-



Contact: Cedric Lynch   




aaShed No. 37/38, Sector 1

Kandla Special Economic Zone (K.S.E.Z)

Gandhidham (Kutch)

370 230 (India)



+91 (0)2836 253 114






49 Rue Tenbosch, Bte. 3, bcelles   B-1050   Brussels   Belgium

Phone: +32 2 648 3725    Fax: +32 2 646 7846

Lynch Motor Co is the original management company: their motor is now made in Wales.
Contact Lynch Motor Co.





Scholzenviertel 7      64625 Benzheim-Zell      Germany

Helmut Schiller claims to have designed an improved motor.
Phone: 0049 6251 63213    Fax: 0049 6251 63213
Contact: Helmut Schiller



More information


List of applications and achievements of the Lynch motor - includes many pictures of boats, cars, bikes and other vehicles.

Golf Car conversions for National Trust       Go karting and the Lynch motor    

4QD-300-48 controller suitable for Lynch


The information on this page and site about Cedric's motor is supplied in good faith.  We have no connection with any of the manufacturers concerned other than as stated, hence cannot supply information about the motor or its applications. Please contact the manufacturer direct.


4QD's home page of motor speed controllers for battery operated motors     4QD's FAQ sheet on battery motors and controllers





Solar Navigator triple hull SWASH trimaran tank test model


The Solar Navigator - SWASSH (Small Waterplane Area Stabilized Single Hull) test model 2012

The latest Solarnavigator is designed to be capable of an autonomous world navigation set for an attempt 

in 2015 if all goes according to schedule.





This website is copyright © 1991- 2013 Electrick Publications. All rights reserved. The bird logo Blue bird trademarkand names Blueplanet Ecostar and Blue Max are trademarks ™.  The Blueplanet vehicle configuration is registered ®.  The name Solar Navigator is a registered trademark and the boat design is copyright,  All other trademarks hereby acknowledged.  Max Energy Limited is an educational charity.