of the cities in developing countries are highly polluted. The
main reasons are the air and noise pollution caused by transport
vehicles, especially petrol-powered two and three wheelers. For
example, in India there are close to 18 million petrol powered
two wheelers and about 1.5 million petrol and diesel powered
three wheelers and their population is growing at a healthy rate
of about 15% per annum.
Besides being a major hazard to
peoples health, these machines are guzzling huge amounts of
petrol and diesel for which any country has to pay dearly in
foreign exchange outflow. In fact it is a common sight in
developing countries as much as in the City of London, Paris,
Rome or Los Angeles, that during traffic jams in congested areas
these vehicles produce tremendous pollution.
Pedicab £3145 + VAT & delivery
Comfortable easy ride
Simple to maintain
Very economical to run
and SOLAR POWERED RICKSHAWS
electric cycle rickshaw can provide a non-polluting and a very
silent transport system for urban and rural areas and busy
cities. The low rolling resistance and light weight make
this vehicle very energy efficient and cost effective. Work done at
major research Institutions has shown that improved
cycle rickshaws powered by electric motors and batteries have a
potential to provide an attractive alternative to petrol and
diesel powered three wheelers.
Rickshaw £ P.O.A.
Besides they can also provide
large scale employment and extra income to the rickshaw
operator, without affecting his or her health. The Maximus
electric Trike featured on this page in three different guises,
may be converted to solar power to take advantage of free energy
from nature. We would be happy to arrange for bespoke
orders to suit your requirements. Such as to include
suitably integrated and stylish cab bodies.
Carries 3 adult passengers in comfort
Opportunity for large income
from advertising. Now with extra advertising
Easily interchangeable with cargo box
Optional rain and cold screen
Lockable box under the seat for storage of the
Fold flat roof , so trike can be stored
on its back using less floor space
are guesstimates that close to 1 million cycle rickshaws ply the
Indian roads carrying about 3-4 billion passenger-km/year . In
some cities they are the major means of transport. They provide
employment to about 700,000 rickshaw pullers, are very
maneuverable and are completely non-polluting and hence
environmentally friendly means of transport. It is very
unfortunate that deliberate policies in most of the urban towns
of developing countries have been made by the concerned
authorities to phase out these rickshaws. These non-polluting
vehicles are being replaced by polluting (both air and noisewise)
petrol and diesel powered three wheelers. Our data show that
three wheeler diesel tempos in Lucknow city (capital of Uttar
Pradesh) produce close to 70-80 decibel noise at a distance of
1-2 m, besides belching out huge amounts of particulates into
the air .
the existing rickshaws are very poorly designed so that it takes
a heavy toll on the health of a rickshaw puller. The existing
cycle rickshaw has hardly changed since it was introduced in
1930s and 40s in India. The gearing and the mechanical
advantage of the pedal is very poor. Hence the rickshaw puller
has to work very hard while climbing even a slight slope. A
common sight is of rickshaw puller getting down and pulling on
foot the rickshaw with passengers. The braking system is also
very poor with only front brakes on the rickshaw. Thus when
going downhill at high speeds sudden braking produces a catapult
effect. Similarly the seating arrangement is very uncomfortable
and the aerodynamic drag of the system is very high.
therefore humanly degrading to pull the existing inefficient
cycle rickshaw. Yet because of poverty, laborers do become
rickshaw pullers and suffer adverse consequences to their
health. The rickshaw manufacturing presently is a footpath
industry with no quality control and there are as many rickshaw
designs as cities in which they ply. These rickshaws are so
poorly made that they have to be replaced completely in a couple
of years. Thus there is a need to improve the existing rickshaw
and bring quality control in its manufacture.
bare frame £2345 + 17% VAT & delivery
(Lynch motor option extra)
Maximus trike features:
plus T45 Aircraft grade in parts with high strength
Forks: Curtis Pro BMX Standard.
Wheels: Front 20 x 1.75. Rear 23 x
Front 20 x 2.25 / 2.50. Rear 23 x 2.00 / 2.50 moped
Length 2.3 M. Width - 1.2 M.
Chassis 46 Kg. Pedicab
Rickshaw body 29 Kg
Cargo Trike body complete 32
1 1/8" Steel BMX Aheadset.
BMX 4 Bolt Clamp.
All leg lengths fit standard model. Seatpost 400mm
long. Sprung Seat.
Quality cartridge style.
Platform BMX Type, 9/16"
Single 48 T
Sram 3 x 8 gearhub system. 8 speed derailleur driving
3 speed hub - this allows gearchange in all
conditions. Chain driven differential driving 20 mm
Hollow Rear Axle.
Front Magura Hydraulic Rim Brakes with parking brake.
Hydraulic Disc Brakes with 185mm Diameter Discs.
Rickshaw - people carrier
with optional rain guard.
Cargo Trike - box with
tailgate and optional hood.
Motor - Option 2 £2395 + VAT
- Electric motor assistance: - 24 volt
Heinzmann hub motor 200 watt -
12 volt Lynch motor with chain-driven double
free-wheel transmission 250 watts.
Hub Motor - Option 1 £995 + VAT
- Standard colour is Yellow with Other colours
to order at extra charge, and please see chart below.
- Anywhere in the UK £110.00 - Overseas quoted on
CONTACT US FOR DETAILS
Approx. PANTONE Colours (a guide only)
(or rickshas) are a mode of human-powered
transport: a runner draws a two-wheeled cart which seats one
or two persons. Rickshaws were mainly used in Asia,
but nowadays they are outlawed in many places and have been
replaced by cycle
rickshaws and auto
rickshaws (and the term "rickshaw" is today
commonly used for these vehicles as well). The last sizeable
fleet of true rickshaws can be found in Kolkata
(Calcutta), where the rickshaw driver union resisted
is a tourists' attraction at Star
Ferry pier on at Edinburgh
Place, on Hong
Kong Island, Hong
were invented in Japan
at the end of the 19th
century by a European missionary
Scobie, to transport his invalid wife through the streets of
The name derives from the Japanese expression jinrikisha
which means literally 'human-powered vehicle'. The first
rickshaw appeared in India
around 1880 on the avenues of Simla.
Some 20 years later a few of these vehicles arrived in Calcutta,
imported by Chinese traders who used them to transport goods.
the same Chinese people applied for permission to use them to
carry people and it was not long before rickshaws were to be
found in many metropolises
all over Southeast
Asia. For peasants migrating to the big cities the
rickshaw offered a means of earning a living. No one knows
exactly how many there are today in the streets of Kolkata.
Unofficial statistics suggest 50,000, providing employment for
twice as many pullers. Economists have calculated that the
economic value of rickshaws and their pulling is $6 million - a
quarter of the budget of the whole urban transport system of a
city like Paris. Accordingly, it makes economic and
environmental sense to phase in solar powered Rickshaws to keep
the advantages of the basic concept, but improve the service for
both operator and passenger.
Cargo Trike £2795 + 17.5% VAT & delivery
payload, easy access and flexible weather-proof
covering make the Cargo Trike the ideal choice
for urban delivery and carriage applications. Bikes
are often as fast as vans in town centres, and with freedom from parking restrictions, fossil fuels and
road tax, the Maximus Cargo Trike is a clear winner.
This is an incredibly economical way of moving goods
in a city centre.
Weatherproof hood with zip fastening
Internal capacity: 123 cm long x 90 cm wide x 94 cm high
Opportunity for large income
from extra advertising.
Easily interchangeable with pedicab seat
Can easily be stored on its back to save space
Loads up to 250 kg
Roof that folds flat, so that the trike can be stored on its
back, taking up
less floor space
Aluminium sides and drop tailgate
capital of Bangladesh, has become known as the city of Rickshaws.
I n fact the main
transport of this populous city is cycle Rickshaw. Almost 12
million people live in this city. Rickshaws are growing in
number because they are inexpensive and they provide an income for more than quarter million people.
Rickshaws in Dhaka
are constructed with bi-cycle spare parts, rugs, bamboo sticks
and plastic sheets. They are decorated with traditional paintings.
The rickshaws with their ornate decorations and imaginative hand
paintings have a special place in Dhaka citys transport.
addition to Dhaka, the Rickshaw is one of the principal means of
transport in the urban areas of Bangladesh. With the improvement
of road communication throughout the country, the rickshaw has now
found its way into rural areas as well. As a mode of transport
the rickshaw was first introduced in Japan in the early twentieth
century. This mode of transport became particularly popular
there due to the Second World War situation, which made petrol
and motorised transport scarce and expensive. Japan, however,
had soon replaced rickshaws, nintaku in Japanese, with motorised
vehicles and by the 1950s the cycle rickshaw had disappeared
the 1930s and early '40s rickshaws became popular in Indonesia,
Singapore and other Southeast Asian countries. The rickshaw is said
to have reached Chittagong from Myanmar in 1919. Interestingly,
rickshaws did not spread out to Dhaka and other cities of
Bangladesh from Chittagong. Dhaka got its rickshaws from Calcutta,
where it was first introduced around 1930. European jute
exporters living in Narayanganj and Netrokona (in Mymensingh)
had first imported cycle rickshaw from Calcutta in 1938 for
their personal use. The new vehicle roused great curiosity among
the people of Dhaka, who were traditionally used to horse
carriages, palanquins and city-canal boats. Initially cycle
rickshaw did not receive enthusiastic response from users.
Hand-built, rugged construction
High specification components
Lightweight aircraft-grade steel
Choice of interchangeable bodies
24 speed transmission
Electric motor options
Dhaka city had only 37 rickshaws in 1941 and 181 rickshaws in
1947. Before 1947, Dhaka was a district town, which had a
population of 62,469 only according to 1951 census. But in 1998,
the city's population grew over 8 million and the number of
registered rickshaws in the city was 112,572. The number of
rickshaws in all other cities of Bangladesh in that year was
274,265 and in all villages 91,040. Rickshaw and rickshaw vans
(also a tricycle vehicle similar to rickshaw but with the
difference that instead of passenger seats, these have a flat
bed of wooden bars resting on the axle over the rear pair of
wheels and they carry goods in small lots) are now fast
replacing the traditional transports like horse carriages and
bullock carts in the country.
is a popular guess that the total number of rickshaws in the
city is at least two and a half times that of the registered
ones and accordingly, the city had at least 280,000 rickshaws in
2000. Estimates based on the figures that each rickshaw is
operated by two pullers in morning and evening shifts and the
average number of family members of a rickshaw puller is five,
suggest that the rickshaws of Dhaka city alone is a source of
income for nearly three million people.
in all Southeast Asian countries, rickshaws in Bangladesh have a
lasting foothold. It has established itself with a dominance
unmatched by other modes of transport. The predominance of
rickshaw as a transport is evidenced by the fact that the
percentage-wise traffic composition in Dhaka, Sylhet, Comilla
and Rangpur cities are 49%, 78%, 80% and 55% respectively. Other
means of transport in Dhaka are, in order of traffic, the (a)
cars, jeeps, pick-ups etc. (b) baby taxi, (c) bus, (d) truck,
(e) tempo and (f) bicycle. Bicycle, however, is the second in
the list of predominant vehicles in cities outside Dhaka.
percent of the value added in transport sector is being
contributed by rickshaws and the mode of transport provides
employment and living to people engaged not only as the pullers
directly but also as its manufacturers of its mainframe, the
body with seat and hoods and its spare parts. A great number of
people depends for the living on the decoration of rickshaw
body, artwork on it and rickshaw garages. [Sirajul Islam]
decorations of rickshaws is rickshaw art, which can vary from
painted backboards and rear side panels to cut-outs appliqued
onto hoods and brass vases replete with plastic or paper
flowers. In a restrictive sense it is generally applied to the
painted backboard, a tin plate fixed to the lower rear of a
rickshaw hiding the chain. In this sense it is also extended to
include the paintings on the rear of auto rickshaws or baby
taxis. Rickshaw art has been compared to traffic art in other
parts of the world, such as the decorated trucks of Pakistan.
art is mainly an urban phenomenon and perhaps dates back to the
1950's. It shares some similarity of theme and execution with
movie billboards, which may be ascribed to the fact that many
rickshaw painters had either themselves painted movie billboards
or had apprenticed with such painters. The art of the rickshaw
painter is passed on from ustad, master, to apprentice. There is
a lot of repetition, either because of the popularity of some
motifs or because of the influence of the master craftsman. The
paintings are executed quickly, with readymade enamel paints,
which do not allow paints to be mixed. Bright primary colours
are popular and the painting is flat, lacking shadows,
perspective, and scale.
are variations in rickshaw art in different towns of Bangladesh.
For example, nearly eighty per cent of rickshaws in Dhaka city
are decorated and most of them have animal scenes, natural
scenes, and pictures of movie themes. Chittagong and Comilla
areas show less enthusiasm about decorating rickshaws and the
rickshaw art there contain fewer human images and have more
images of flowers, birds, animals etc. Rickshaws in Sylhet,
considered to be a more pious area, are rarely decorated.
popular themes are the Taj Mahal, movie scenes and portraits of
movie stars, idyllic scenes of rural Bengal with plump hens,
placid cows, coconut palms, neat huts, gentle streams. Islamic
scenes such as mosques and Borak, the winged horse, are also
frequently found. Because rickshaw backboards have to be painted
annually, rickshaw artists often depict topical themes. In the
early seventies, scenes of fighting between muktijoddha (freedom
fighters) and Pakistani soldiers were common. Increasingly
common, especially on autorickshaws are scenes of futuristic
cities, planes and other fast-moving forms of transport.