any doubt HRH Queen Elizabeth II is one of the most
popular British monarchs and deservedly so. Queen
Elizabeth II has steadfastly gone about her business
since before her coronation day in June of 1953.
The public adore her so, they would not like to see her
go. She is a pillar or society and a rock in terms
of keeping her family pointed in the right direction.
more importantly, the Queen plays an important role as
the head of state and as an ambassador for the United
Kingdom and colonies. Who wouldn't want such
representation and balanced opinion in their public
relations. But the Queen is ore than that, she is
the genuine article. A good wife, mother and a
stupendous grandmother to boot.
Queen at 80- looking good your Majesty
are 80 facts about the Queen released by Buckingham
Palace to mark her 80th birthday.
Queen Elizabeth II is the fortieth monarch since William
the Conqueror obtained the crown of England.
In 2002 at 76 years of age the Queen was the oldest
monarch to celebrate a Golden Jubilee. The youngest was
James I (James VI of Scotland) at 51 years.
Since 1952 the Queen has conferred over 387,700 honours
The Queen has personally held over 540 Investitures.
The Queen speaks fluent French and often uses the
language for audiences and state visits.
The Queen has received over 3 million items of
correspondence during her reign.
Over the course of her reign, around 1.1 million people
have attended garden parties at Buckingham Palace or the
Palace of Holyroodhouse (the Queen ended presentation
parties in 1958).
Over the reign, the Queen has given regular Tuesday
evening audiences to 10 British Prime Ministers. They
are: Winston Churchill 1951-55, Sir Anthony Eden
1955-57, Harold Macmillan 1957-63, Sir Alec Douglas-Home
1963-64, Harold Wilson 1964-70 and 1974-76, Edward Heath
1970-74, James Callaghan 1976-79, Margaret Thatcher
1979-90, John Major 1990-97, Tony Blair 1997-present.
have also been 10 US Presidents during the Queen's
Tony Blair is the first Prime Minister to have been born
during the Queen's reign. He was born in early May 1953
- a month before the Coronation.
The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh introduced small,
informal luncheon parties at Buckingham Palace to meet
distinguished people from all professions, trades and
vocations. The first lunch was held on May 11 1956 and
the tradition continues to this day. There are usually
6-8 guests and two members of the household attending.
The Queen is patron of more than 620 charities and
During her reign, the Queen has undertaken over 256
official overseas visits to 129 different countries.
Many of the Queen's official tours were undertaken on
the Royal Yacht Britannia. It was launched by the Queen
on 16 April 1953 and was commissioned for service on 7
January 1954. It was de-commissioned in December 1997.
During this time, Britannia travelled more than a
million miles on Royal and official duties.
The Royal Yacht Britannia was first used by the Queen
when she embarked with the Duke of Edinburgh on May 1
1954 at Tobruk for the final stage of their Commonwealth
Tour returning to the Pool of London. The last time the
Queen was on board Britannia for an official visit was
on August 9 1997 for a visit to Arran.
The Queen has visited Australia 15 times, Canada 23
times, Jamaica six times and New Zealand 10 times. The
Queen most recently visited Australia in March 2006 to
open the Commonwealth Games in Melbourne.
Since her accession to the throne in 1952, the Queen has
visited Edinburgh nearly every year, taking up residence
in the Palace of Holyroodhouse during Holyrood Week.
During her reign, the Queen has received many unusual
gifts including live animals. The more unusual animals
have been placed in the care of the London zoo, among
them jaguars and sloths from Brazil, and two black
beavers from Canada. The Queen has also received gifts
of pineapples, eggs, a box of snail shells, a grove of
maple trees and 7kg of prawns.
The Queen has sent around 100,000 telegrams to
centenarians in the UK and the Commonwealth.
The Queen has sent more than 280,000 telegrams to
couples in the UK and the Commonwealth celebrating their
diamond wedding anniversaries.
The Queen's real birthday is on April 21, but it is
celebrated officially in June.
The Queen has attended 34 Royal Variety performances.
The Queen has opened 15 bridges in the United Kingdom.
The Queen has given over 91 State banquets during her
Since 1952 the Queen has undertaken 78 State Visits
accompanied by The Duke of Edinburgh with the most
recent being to Singapore in March 2006.
The Queen has launched 23 ships in her lifetime. The
first was HMS Vanguard which she launched, as Princess
Elizabeth, on November 30 1944 in Clydebank. The first
ship which she launched as Queen was the Queen's Yacht
Britannia, which was also launched from Clydebank.
The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh have sent about
37,500 Christmas cards during the Queen's reign.
The Queen has given out about 78,000 Christmas puddings
to staff continuing the custom of King George V and King
George VI. In addition, the Queen gives all her staff a
gift at Christmas time.
Every year the Queen sends Christmas trees to
Westminster Abbey, Wellington Barracks, St Paul's
Cathedral, St Giles, Edinburgh, The Canongate Kirk,
Edinburgh, Crathie Church and local schools and churches
in the Sandringham area.
The Queen learnt to drive in 1945 when she joined the
The Queen was a Girl Guide (1937) and Sea Ranger (1943).
Princess Elizabeth travelled on the London Underground
for the first time in May 1939 with her governess Marion
Crawford and Princess Margaret.
The Queen is a keen photographer and enjoys taking
photographs of her family. The Duke of York is also a
keen photographer and has taken a number of photographs
of the Queen, including an official photograph for the
Queen's Golden Jubilee in 2002.
The Queen was born at 17 Bruton St, London W1 on 21
April 1926, was christened on 29 May 1926 in the private
chapel at Buckingham Palace. She was confirmed on 28
March 1942 in the private chapel at Windsor Castle.
With the birth of Prince Andrew in 1960, the Queen
became the first reigning sovereign to have a child
since Queen Victoria, who had her youngest child,
Princess Beatrice, in 1857.
The Queen has 30 godchildren.
The first football match the Queen attended was the 1953
FA Cup Final.
The Queen has taken the salute in every Trooping the
Colour ceremony since the start of her reign, with the
exception of 1955, when a national rail strike forced
the cancellation of the parade.
The Queen has sat for 139 official portraits during her
lifetime, two of which were with The Duke of Edinburgh.
The most recent sitting was for Rolf Harris (2005). The
Queen was just seven years old when she sat for her
first portrait in 1933, which was commissioned by her
mother and painted by the Hungarian artist Philip
Alexius de Laszls.
The Queen sat for the first and only hologram portrait
There have been 11 sculptures of the Queen. The most
recent was in 2005 by Miss Angela Conner for St George's
The first 'Royal walkabout' took place during the visit
by the Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh to Australia and
New Zealand in 1970. The practice was introduced to
allow them to meet a greater number of people, not
simply officials and dignitaries.
In 1969 the first television film about the family life
of the Royal Family was made, and shown on the eve of
the Investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales.
An important innovation during the Queen's reign was the
opening in 1962 of a new gallery at Buckingham Palace to
display items from the Royal Collection. The brainchild
of The Duke of Edinburgh, the new Queen's Gallery
occupied the space of the Palace's bomb-damaged private
chapel. It was the first time that parts of the Palace
had been opened to the general public.
The only time the Queen has had to interrupt an overseas
tour was in 1974 during a tour of Australia and
Indonesia. the Queen was called back from Australia when
a general election was called suddenly. The Duke of
Edinburgh continued the programme in Australia, and the
Queen re-joined the tour in Indonesia.
Queen Elizabeth II during OBE ceremony 2004
The Queen has opened Parliament every year except 1959
and 1963, when she was expecting Prince Andrew and
Prince Edward respectively.
The Queen went on her first state visit as Princess
Elizabeth, to South Africa with her mother and father,
then King and Queen, from February to May 1947. The tour
included Rhodesia and Bechuanaland, Swaziland and
Basutoland (now Lesotho). The Princess celebrated her
21st birthday in Cape Town. The Queen's first State
Visit as Queen was technically to Kenya, as King George
VI died and the Queen acceded the throne during the
tour. The tour had to be abandoned.
The Queen's first Commonwealth tour began on 24 November
1953, and included visits to Bermuda, Jamaica, Panama,
Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Australia, the Cocos Islands,
Ceylon, Aden, Uganda, Libya, Malta and Gibraltar. The
total distance covered was 43,618 miles.
The Queen was the first British Monarch to go to China
when she visited in 1986.
The Queen has made a Christmas Broadcast to the
Commonwealth every year of her reign except 1969, when a
repeat of the film 'Royal Family' was shown and a
written message from the Queen issued.
In 1953, the Queen made the first Christmas Broadcast
from overseas, (rather than from the UK), broadcasting
live from New Zealand. The first televised broadcast was
in 1957, made live. The first pre-recorded broadcast
took place in 1960 to allow transmission around the
The Queen sent a message of congratulations to Apollo 11
astronauts for the first moon landing on July 21 1969.
The message was micro-filmed and deposited on the moon
in a metal container.
The Queen has met the following astronauts at Buckingham
first astronaut to go into space - Russian - Major Yuri
first woman in space - Russian - Mrs Valentina
first man on the moon - American - Neil Armstrong - and
the other American astronauts, Michael Collins and Edwin
The Queen sent her first email in 1976 from an Army
There have been six Archbishops of Canterbury during the
Queen's reign (Archbishops Geoffrey Fisher, Michael
Ramsey, Donald Coggan, Robert Runcie, George Carey and
History was made in 1982 when Pope John Paul II visited
Britain, the first Pope to do so for 450 years. the
Queen, titular head of the Church of England, received
him at Buckingham Palace.
The Queen first visited a mosque in the UK for the first
time in Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire in July 2002.
The Queen has attended 50 Royal Maundy services during
her reign at more than 39 different cathedrals. The
Queen has only missed four services - two for official
tours and two for the births of Prince Andrew and Prince
The Queen has owned more than 30 corgis during her
reign, starting with Susan who was a present for her
18th birthday in 1944. A good proportion of these have
been direct descendants from Susan. the Queen currently
has five corgis, Emma, Linnet, Monty, Holly and Willow.
The Queen also introduced a new breed of dog known as
the "dorgi" when one of the Queen's corgis was
mated with a dachshund named Pipkin which belonged to
Princess Margaret. The Queen currently has four dorgis,
Cider, Berry, Candy and Vulcan.
As well as corgis and dorgis, the Queen also breeds and
trains labradors and cocker spaniels at Sandringham.
There is a special Sandringham strain of black labrador
founded in 1911.
The Queen takes a keen interest in horses and racing.
The Queen's first pony was given to her by her
grandfather, King George V, when she was four years old.
This was a Shetland pony called Peggy. The Queen
continues to ride at Sandringham, Balmoral and Windsor.
The Queen also takes a keen interest in horse breeding.
Horses bred at the Royal studs over the last 200 years
have won virtually every major race in Britain. The
Queen has about 25 horses in training each season.
The Queen's racing colours are: purple body with gold
braid, scarlet sleeves and Black velvet cap with gold
The Queen continues the Royal Family's long association
with racing pigeons which began in 1886 when King
Leopold II of Belgium made a gift of racing pigeons to
the Royal Family. In 1990, one of the Queen's birds took
part in the Pau race, coming first in the Section 5th
Open and was subsequently named "Sandringham
Lightning". In recognition of her interest in the
sport, the Queen is patron of a number of racing
societies, including the Royal Pigeon Racing
The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh were married on 20
November 20 1947 in Westminster Abbey. The Queen's
wedding dress was designed by Sir Norman Hartnell and
was woven at Winterthur Silks Limited, Dunfermline, in
the Canmore factory, using silk that had come from
Chinese silkworms at Lullingstone Castle.
The Queen's dressmakers over the years have included Sir
Hardy Amies, Sir Norman Hartnell, Karl-Ludwig Couture
and Maureen Rose. The Queen's milliners have been
Frederick Fox, Philip Somerville and Marie O'Regan.
The Queen's wedding ring was made from a nugget of Welsh
gold which came from the Clogau St David's mine near
Dolgellau. The official wedding cake was made by McVitie
and Price Ltd, using ingredients given as a wedding gift
by Australian Girl Guides.
The Queen has an extensive collection of jewellery, most
of which are Crown Jewels, some inherited and some
gifts, including the largest pink diamond in the world.
Some well known pieces include; a brooch of diamonds
forming a spray of wattle presented by the Australian
government in 1954; and a necklace of large square cut
aquamarines and diamonds with earrings as a gift in
coronation year by the ambassador of Brazil, which the
Queen wore on the French state visit in 2004.
The Queen has laid her wreath at the Cenotaph on
Remembrance Sunday every year of her reign, except in
1959, 1961, 1963, 1968, 1983 and 1999 when she was
either pregnant or overseas on an official visit.
The Queen has visited the sets of a number of British
soap operas including Coronation Street, East Enders and
In 1997, the Queen launched Buckingham Palace's first
In 1998, the Queen introduced "theme days" to
promote and celebrate aspects of British culture. The
first theme day was "City Day" focusing on
financial institutions. Other themes have included
Publishing, Broadcasting, Tourism, Emergency Services,
Maritime Day, Music, Young Achievers, British Design,
In June, 2002, the Queen hosted the first public
concerts in the garden of Buckingham Palace to celebrate
her Golden Jubilee. the Queen attended both the
classical and pop concerts. The 'Party at the Palace'
pop concert was one of the most watched pop concerts in
history, attracting around 200 million viewers over the
The Queen is the first member of the Royal Family to be
awarded a gold disc from the recording industry. 100,000
copies of the CD of the 'Party at the Palace', produced
by EMI, were sold within the first week of release.
The Queen hosted the first women's only event
"Women of Achievement" at Buckingham Palace in
In November 2004, the Queen invited the cast of Les
Miserables in the West End to perform for French
President Jacques Chirac at Windsor Castle. It was the
first time the cast of a West End musical had performed
at a Royal residence.
As a young girl, the Queen acted in a number of
Pantomimes during World War Two including playing the
part of Prince Florizel in Cinderella in 1941. These
pantomimes took place every year in the Waterloo Chamber
at Windsor Castle.
In 2005 the Queen claimed ownership of 88 cygnets on the
Thames. They are looked after by the Swan Marker. The
first Royal Swan Keeper was appointed around the 12th
Technically the Queen still owns the sturgeons, whales
and dolphins in the waters around the UK. A statute from
1324, at the time of the reign of King Edward II, states
that: "Also the King shall have ... whales and
sturgeons taken in the sea or elsewhere within the
realm." This statute is still valid today, and
sturgeons, porpoises, whales and dolphins are recognised
as 'Fishes Royal'. When captured within three miles of
UK shores, or washed ashore either dead or alive, they
may be claimed on behalf of the Crown. Generally, when
brought into port, a sturgeon is sold in the usual way,
and the purchaser, as a gesture of loyalty, requests the
honour of its being accepted by the Queen.
In summer 2005, the Queen opened the first
"children's trail" in the Buckingham Palace
garden for the summer opening.
Queen and President Ford
reveals 80 Queen facts
gives Maundy coins
portrait tops Queen poll
movies reveal Queen's life
and gems displayed
shows off Queen's portrait
to chart Queen's life
birthday events unveiled
and radio listings
- Queen Elizabeth II
June 1953: Queen Elizabeth takes coronation oath
Monarchy web site
This web site provides information on the work of The
Queen today, biographies of the Royal Family, a history
of kings and queens through the ages, background on
Royal residences and art collections, and coverage of
recent Royal events.
The online news magazine of the British Monarchy
website, featuring news, stories and pictures from all
the latest Royal visits and events.
Prince of Wales's web site
The official web site for The Prince of Wales, The
Duchess of Cornwall, Prince William and Prince Harry.
The Royal Collection is responsible for the management
of works of art and Royal residences held in trust by
The Queen as Sovereign. This web site features
information about visiting Royal residences and an
e-gallery of selected items from the collection.
Information about The Queen's summer residence,
including how to visit the estate.
Web site featuring information about the history of the
house and estate and public access to The Queen's
The Crown Estate manages property owned by The Queen
"in right of the Crown" with origins dating
back almost 1000 years. This official web site provides
detailed information on the estates and their history.
Information about the annual race meet which is opened
and attended by The Queen and other members of the Royal
Royal Windsor Horse Show
Information about the annual international horse show
held at Windsor and patronised by The Queen.
Information about the charity behind the living legends
award ceremony at Windsor Castle.
Includes an extensive history of the chapel as well as
information about contemporary worship.
to contact The Queen
are various ways to contact The Queen:
can write to Her Majesty at the following address:
Majesty The Queen
London SW1A 1AA
can also email The Queen through this web site.
Send an email to Her Majesty
(opens in new window). Please note that, due to
the volume of messages received by e-mail, it is
impossible to provide individual replies. If you would
like to receive a reply, you should write a letter to
The Queen at the above address.
Further information about the Crown Jewels can be found
in the Official Crown Jewels Guidebook.
DO I ? CHILDREN
Queen Elizabeth "Most Popular
Headline News - 18 April 2006
London, England -
Britain's Queen Elizabeth is the
most popular ... showed strong support
for the Queen to stay on ... for
the monarch - who turns 80 on Saturday ...
Queen at 80: Reserved yet revered
birthday celebrations begin CNN
Elizabeth still going strong at 80
Reid Global Scan - all
58 related »
Queen and I
Kingdom - 3 hours ago
TODAY a hundred 80-year-olds
from across Britain will gather at Buckingham
Palace for an 80th birthday lunch with ...
1926 - on the same day as Queen Elizabeth
FOCUS: 80 great royal memories
Evening Telegraph, UK - 15
Here, we publish 80 facts
about the Queen – with a ... 1
There are 332,016 people called Elizabeth
in the UK – and 841 of them live in the
birthday fit for a queen
Courant, United States - 14
... She is, of course, Queen
Elizabeth, who will mark her ...
Chapel in Windsor to celebrate the Queen's
birthday. ... Buckingham Palace
has released 80 facts celebrating ...
to start 80th celebrations BBC
7 related » BBC
80 Glorious Years
Connect, UK - Apr 15,
... In 2006, her
eightieth birthday will be celebrated ...
BBC Royal Correspondent Jennie Bond, Elizabeth:
80 Glorious Years looks back over the Queen’s
Elizabeth II: If the crown fits
Independent, UK -
Apr 15, 2006
... At the age of 80
she will still be inspecting ... The Queen's
day then begins and, like every other day, she ...
In 1947, when Princess Elizabeth came of
age, in a ...
Canadian couples invited to dine with Queen
CTV.ca, Canada -
Apr 17, 2006
... addition to the
luncheon, Buckingham Palace also released 80
little-known facts about the Queen to
mark her 80th birthday. They include: Elizabeth
learned to ...
photo marks Queen Elizabeth's 80
Apr 3, 2006
LONDON (Reuters) - A new
photographic portrait of Queen Elizabeth
went on show at Windsor Castle on Monday to
celebrate her ... The queen turns 80
on April ...
at 80. Simply majestic
Online, UK - Apr 17, 2006
... on to the heir, but
the longer Queen Elizabeth II
reigns ... and offer advice and
perspective — as the Queen does in ...
Your monarch is 80 and still smiling at
Queen's portrait - by Christian Furr
faces of 80
Herald, UK - Apr 15, 2006
... As the Queen
celebrates a landmark birthday, we
compare her experiences with those ...
Sixty years ago Princess Elizabeth
Windsor’s life seemed a very different ...
search of Elizabeth
The Age, Australia -
Apr 14, 2006
... 130 official
portraits, it was painted to mark her 80th birthday.
... Mortimore of pollsters Ipsos MORI
says that when Queen Elizabeth II
turns 80 on Friday she ...
Elizabeth II to distribute 'Maundy Money'
in traditional ...
Hindu, India -
Apr 13, 2006
13 (AP): Queen Elizabeth
II distributed specially minted silver coins
known ... four-penny coins to 80
men and 80 women _ in honor of her 80th birthday
on April ...
releases Queen Elizabeth trivia
The Age, Australia -
Apr 10, 2006
As Britain's monarch approaches
her 80th birthday, Buckingham Palace has
released 80 little known facts about Queen
Elizabeth II. ...
Elizabeth sent her first e-mail in 1976
Outlook, Mauritius - Apr
sent her first e-mail as long as 40 years ago,
according to a list of 80 facts about ...
by Buckingham Palace to mark her 80th birthday
on April ...
Elizabeth to watch Prince Harry join Army
Zee News, India -
Apr 12, 2006
Camberley, Apr 12: With her 80th
birthday less than a fortnight away, Queen
Elizabeth II was travelling to ...
For Queen Elizabeth, who turns 80
on April 21 ...
save the Queen
Statesman, India - Apr
... are about to roll out
the bunting and crack open the beer crates to
celebrate 80 years of ... Her name
is Elizabeth Windsor ... Her
tormentors call her “The Queen”. ...
releases facts about queen's 80
Daily Online, China - Apr
... you have paid a
recent visit to the Buckingham Palace website,
where 80 facts about Queen Elizabeth
have been posted in honour of her imminent 80th birthday.
Queen's 80th Birthday Celebrated
Stamp Monthly, UK - Apr
... Corgi, Dookie, to his
two young Princesses, Elizabeth and
Margaret ... 80th Birthday of Her
Majesty The Queen is an ... of Her
Majesty during the past 80 years.’ Tim ...
Royal facts fit for a Queen
Evening News, UK - Apr
HERE are 80 facts about
the Queen released by Buckingham Palace
to mark her 80th birthday. 1. Queen
Elizabeth II is the fortieth monarch
since William the ...
Does the Queen Do?
Apr 14, 2006
... What can a
constitutional monarch like Elizabeth II,
prohibited from exercising any real power,
actually do to justify her ... The Queen
is 80 on April 21, and ...
to our birthday Queen
Star, Canada - Apr 16,
... That she was born 80
years ago this week in a house that no longer ...
29) Queen Mary — whose stern Hanoverian
facial features Elizabeth inherited and ...
Queen's portrait - Canberra
THINGS YOU DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT ONE
Mirror.co.uk, UK -
Apr 10, 2006
ON April 21 the Queen
will be 80 - and to ... the event,
Buckingham Palace yesterday released 80
amazing facts ... being HMS Vanguard, in
1944 as Princess Elizabeth. ...
white and blue, happy birthday to you
Times, Qatar - Apr 15,
LONDON: Queen Elizabeth
II is not the only one celebrating a landmark birthday
this month. As she turns 80, the
flag-waving crowds will have in their hands a ...
Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Queen
Apr 10, 2006
... her first State Visit
as Princess Elizabeth , to South ...
mother and father, then King and Queen,
from February ... The Princess celebrated
her 21st birthday in Cape ...
photo marks Queen Elizabeth’s 80
Times, United Arab Emirates - Apr
LONDON - A new photographic
portrait of Queen Elizabeth went
on show at ... It is a vibrant portrait
and the queen certainly doesn’t look
her 80 years.”.
Queen: 80 facts
The Sun, UK -
Apr 11, 2006
... 47. The Queen
went on her first state visit as Princess Elizabeth
to South Africa in ... In 2005, The Queen
claimed ownership of 88 cygnets on the river
Thames ... 80. ...
Elizabeth's fact list
and Critics.com, UK - Apr
Britain's Queen Elizabeth
once sent a message to the moon and has been
given eggs for her birthday. These are
just two of 80 facts about the monarch
could have been washing feet...
Online, South Africa - Apr
... Britain's Queen
Elizabeth 2 takes her public appearances
very ... as she prepares for her 80th birthday
next Friday ... commemorative coins worth
all of 80 pence (about ...
The world as we know it
DailyIndia.com, NY -
Apr 11, 2006
... Buckingham Palace has
listed 80 items of interest about Queen
Elizabeth II, who's owned more than 30
corgis, as Britain prepares to mark her 80th birthday.
gives 'Maundy Money' as Easter nears
Daily Online, China - Apr
British Queen Elizabeth
II distributed specially minted silver coins
known as ... penny coins to 80 men
and 80 women in honour of her 80th birthday
on April 21. ...
Queen's portrait - by Rolf Harris