TRADITIONAL SUSSEX COUNTRY PUB
best Fish and Chips I've had in a long time was served
to me on a very hot summer day in June 2005. The
fish (Cod) was fresh, chunky and succulent, the way fish
should be prepared. The batter was homemade.
village of Firle is famous for a number of reasons, to
include the writer Virginia Woolfe. Hence, whether
you are out for some airborne sport, rambling or
catching up on your history, it is well worth a visit.
The pub has recently been refurbished by the new
landlords, Shaun and Hayley.
heard this was one pub to stay clear of because the food
was nothing special. How wrong that was.
I've seen the kitchen and staff in operation. The
kitchen is well organised and clean. The staff are
friendly and helpful.
Kruschandl - delicious fish and chips
Ram Inn is an
attractive, unspoilt country pub that remains relatively
unchanged since it was built in the 16th
century. There is a main bar, a quiet non-smoking snug
area and a large family room. In the summer, food
and drink can be enjoyed in the delightful sheltered
gardens, where there is a children's play area and a
separate hidden garden, ideal for quiet dining. In
winter months the log fires in the bar and snug create a
warm and friendly atmosphere.
Ram serves traditional pub food with a difference
prepared to an exceptionally high standard every day,
from midday until 9pm. The bar stocks three real
ales, including Harveys, and a traditional hand-pulled
cider. Guinness and Budweiser are also available. There
is a large range of soft drinks and a selection of
children's drinks too.
Traditional Sussex Country Pub
Ram lives up to its reputation as a rambling wooden
oasis, with eccentric little hidey holes that is the
garden. This interesting old house, once the law courts
complete with a holding cell in the basement.
11.30-23.00; Sun 12.00-22.30
pub food served all day
Mastercard, Delta, Switch
play area, beer garden, parking.
Nr Lewes, East Sussex, BN8 6NS
From the end of the M23, follow the A23 towards
Brighton. When you reach the A27 turn left and follow it
to Lewes, and then on towards Eastbourne. About 4 miles
beyond Lewes, past the turning for the A26, Firle is
signposted on the left.
Place, Charleston Farmhouse 2 miles, Glyndebourne 3
miles, Lewes Castle 5 miles, Michelham Priory 8 miles,
Brighton 12 miles, Seven Sisters Country Park 10 miles.
more than 283 million fish and chip shop meals
(featuring fish) sold a year, the traditional dish of
fish and chips is still top of the league of Britain's
favourite fast foods. It is difficult to resist the
tasty combination of fish and chips and fortunately
there are over 8,600 fish and chip shops in the UK.
paper wrapped fish & chips
nutritious and close to the nation’s heart
is it about fish and chips that makes them the number
one takeaway in the UK? Is it the wonderful aroma,
their unrivalled flavour, the warm comforting feeling
that they provide, or simply their natural golden good
and chips from fish and chip shops are freshly prepared
from natural products. Fillets of fish, mostly
haddock or cod but sometimes plaice and whiting, are
covered in batter, fried until golden and served with
freshly chipped potatoes. Fish and chips are a
wholesome dish and lower in calories than many of their
fast food rivals. They have been recommended by
doctors for pregnant women and were one of the only
foods not to be rationed during the war.
Historians even argue that fish and chips helped us to
win the Second World War.
favourite accompaniment to fish and chips is salt and
vinegar but depending on the region, others are just as
popular… mushy peas, tomato ketchup, curry sauce,
gravy, or even a bottle of stout. Strange but
true, the Chinese are so sweet on our fish and chips
that they serve them with sugar.
and chips is deep-fried fish in batter with deep-fried
potatoes, and a popular take-away
food. Fish and chips are the national dish of the United
Kingdom, but also very popular in Australia,
Africa and some coastal towns of the
Netherlands and Norway;
and also increasingly so in the United
States and elsewhere. For decades it was the
dominant (if not the only) take-away food in the United
fried potatoes are called chips
in British and international usage; and while American
English calls them french
fries, the combination is still called
"fish and chips". (Potato
chips, an American innovation, are a different potato-derived
food, and are known as crisps in the United
Kingdom.) The traditional way is to fry in beef fat,
though some chips shops use vegetable oil, which imparts
a different taste to the dish, but is acceptable to
vegetarians. Some maintain that the best types of
potatoes to use for chips are 'Lincolnshire Whites' or 'Maris
pronunciation of fish and chips is a traditional
method of distinguishing Australians
Zealanders (a Shibboleth;
see also New
have separately been eaten for many years – though the
was not introduced to Europe until the 17th
century. The originally Sephardi
frito, or deep-fried fish, came to the
Netherlands and England
with the Spanish
in the 17th
centuries. The dish became popular in more widespread
circles in London
and the south-east
in the middle of the 19th
century (Charles Dickens mentions a "fried fish
warehouse" in Oliver
Twist 1850s) whilst in the north of England a
trade in deep-fried "chipped" potatoes
developed. It is unclear when and where these two trades
were merged to become the fish and chip shop
industry we know today. The first combined fish and
chip shop was probably the one opened in London
Malin in 1860
and Mr John Lees opened the first fish and chip shop
outside London in Mossley, near Ashton in Cheshire in
1863.. During World
War II, fish and chips were one of the few foods
that were not rationed
in the UK.
most common fish used for fish and chips in England is cod,
but many kinds of fish are used, especially other white
fish, such as pollock
and rock salmon (dogfish).
In northern England and Scotland haddock
is the most popular choice.
Australia the preferred type of fish is cod
(though of a different variety than that used in the UK)
a type of shark
meat. Increasing demand and the decline of shark stocks
due to overfishing
has seen flake become more expensive and, as in the UK,
other white fish, such as barramundi,
is often substituted.
New Zealand snapper
is preferred because of its superior taste, but hoki
is an inexpensive alternative. In South
(Merluccius capensis) is the most commonly used
fish for fish and chips. Snoek
(Thyrsites atun) is also popular in Cape coastal
(Xiphiurus capensis, known as cuskeel
internationally) is a less common and generally more
the UK, fish and chips are usually served with free salt
This may be malt vinegar or onion vinegar
(the vinegar that pickled
are stored in). Often something called "non-brewed
condiment", which is actually a solution
acid in water with caramel
added for colour, is used as a substitute for genuine
malt vinegar. In the US, malt vinegar (or, in some
establishments, red-wine or cider vinegar) is often
served with the combination as well. A common Canadian
preference is for white vinegar on the chips and
squeezed lemon on the fish. Scots
also tend to prefer white vinegar to malt vinegar. In
Australia the use of chicken flavoured salt (known as chicken
salt) is quite widespread on chips, that even fast
food chains like KFC
no longer carry regular salt and use chicken salt by
of batter that fall into the fat and cook (also known as
scrumps or bits) are usually included free
on request. Other popular dressings, usually at an
extra charge, include:
in Scotland a combination of spirit
vinegar and brown
sauce, known simply as "sauce", is
popular. Around the Great
Lakes (for example, in Buffalo,
New York), the popular tradition of Catholics
eating fish on Fridays (especially during Lent)
has resulted in a codifying of a particular sort of
"Fish Fry", which includes a piece of
whitefish (often Haddock),
a plentiful amount of french fries (generally
thicker-cut "steak" fries), potato salad
and/or macaroni salad, and coleslaw. This is so
ubiquitous that some supermarkets in the area sell it
from their seafood departments, and many local bars
serve fish fries every week.
fish and chip shop in Oxford
and chip shops
the UK and Australasia, fish and chips are usually sold
by independent restaurants and take-aways, colloquially
known as chippies or chip shops in the UK1,
or fish and chips shops in Australia and New
Zealand. Occasionally, in these two countries, the term
"Fish and Chippery" is used by stores, and
outlets likewise range from small affairs to the likes
of the famed Doyles at Watson's
bay in Sydney.
Roughly 25% of all the white fish consumed in the UK,
and 10% of all potatoes,
are sold through fish and chip outlets.
and chip shops themselves vary enormously in the UK,
from little back street affairs to posh "Fish
Restaurants", with seating and waitresses.
There is one well-known chain based in the north of
England called Harry
Ramsden's but chains are uncommon in the UK. The
company originated in Guiseley
UK fish and chip shops sometimes combine with sales of
other takeaway food products, such as burgers, chinese
food and pizzas, but by far the most common such shop
simply sells fish and chips, their traditional
accompaniments, and little else, although in fishing
towns it is also common for fish and chip shops to sell uncooked
fish and french fries on the waterfront in San
chains that sell fish and chips include Long
John Silver's, Captain
Salt Fish and Chips, Arthur
Treacher's, and, in the Pacific Northwest, Ivar's.
In the 1990s,
the perception within the United States that fish and
chips were unhealthy led to a decline in consumption and
the financial problems of Long John Silver's and Arthur
Treacher's. These brands have been acquired by other
restaurants and the current strategy of both of these
chains appears to be combining fish and chips with other
brands to create the concept of fun food. In Canada, the
Belle Province fast food chains sell fish and
chips, although this is a minor item in their menus.
and chip shops typically offer other fast
food, which may be eaten in place of the traditional
battered fish. Typical alternatives offered in most
English "chippies" include:
and chip shops sometimes sell other deep-fried foods,
anything from chicken
such as banana
bars are served deep-fried (see Deep
fried Mars bar), especially in Scotland.
In Scotland the choice of alternatives includes haggis,
pudding, and white
pudding (all served thickly battered). In Australia,
perhaps the most popular accompaniment is the potato
scallop (called the 'potato cake' in Victoria, 'potato
fritter' in South Australia and not to be confused with
the sea scallop)
a thick slice of potato deep fried in batter. Another
common accompaniment is an Australian version of Chinese
dumplings known locally as a dim
sim and an Australian version of a spring
roll called the Chiko
Roll. An increasing number of stores in
Australia may also deal in Döner
In Scotland and Northern England a meal of fish and
chips is a fish supper. Similarly, in Scotland
one can order a haggis supper, a steak pie
supper, and so on; supper means "with
chips", in this context.
and chips were traditionally packaged with an inner
white paper wrapping and an outer insulating layer of newspaper
or blank newsprint,
though nowadays the use of newspaper has largely ceased
on grounds of hygiene, and food quality wrapping paper
is often used instead, occasionally printed on the
outside to emulate newspaper. Use of actual newspaper
was banned in Australian fish and chip shops in the
1970s and butcher's paper was instead used as the
external wrapping. Polystyrene
packing, usual in many other kinds of take-away outlet,
is sometimes substituted. Purists maintain that it
"doesn't taste the same" in polystyrene or
cardboard. In New
Zealand, it remains common practise to use newspaper
in the wrapping process.
centre chip shop in Oxford
as a noun is, depending upon the language; a
fish-and-chip shop or a carpenter (British
English) or a pejorative term for a prostitute
is a billion-pound industry with four out of five
households in Great Britain consuming seafood at
least once a month. In 2003, consumers in Great
Britain bought 280,000 tonnes of seafood (worth £1.8
billion), an increase of 2% on 2002.
UK is becoming increasingly reliant on imports.
Import volumes have increased by 31% from 1991 to
£1.28 billion worth of seafood was imported in 2002
and the UK exported around £570 million in seafood
products mainly to Continental Europe.
of seafood to the UK can be divided into five
by UK vessels
and chilled imports
– including cured, prepared/preserved, live,
meals and Flours
UK fishing industry employs 12,700 fishermen working
on 7,000 vessels. In 2002 the UK fleet landed 686
thousand tonnes of fish worth £546 million into the
UK and abroad.Source: UK Sea Fisheries Statistics
= fish and shellfish farming. Shellfish species
farmed in the UK include mussels, oysters, clams,
scallops and queenies. And the main marine finfish
species being farmed are cod, halibut and turbot
(Note: salmon is not a marine finfish. For more
information about salmon farming visitwww.scottishsalmon.co.uk).
are around 280 ports, harbours and creeks around the
UK where fish is landed. The major fishing ports in
the UK in terms of value of fish landed are,
Peterhead, Lochinver and Fraserburgh.
are around 500 seafood processing companies in the
UK employing around 22,000 people.
retail market for seafood was worth over £1.8
million in the year ending 7 December 2003. (Source:
TNS SuperPanel 2003)
food service sector covers a range of outlets
including fish and chip shops, canteens, hotels,
restaurants and education. Fish and chips dominates
are over 8,600 fish and chip shops all over the UK.
These shops sell £478 million of seafood each year.
volumes of sea fish are being landed in to the UK by
UK-registered vessels – a 36% cut in volume
between 1995 and 2002. While this is undoubtedly
linked to cuts in quotas because of concerns about
stocks it is also explained by an increasing
tendency of larger vessels landing much of what they
most fish landed in the UK is landed into Scottish
ports, England and Wales is by far the main market.
In 2002, England and Wales accounted for 92% of
household fish consumption while 63% of fish landed
was in Scotland.
most popular species of seafood in retail is cod –
consumers spent over £254 million on cod in the
year ending 7 December 2003. Salmon, haddock and
prawns have also seen strong sales in the latest
still accounts for 14% of total GB consumption and
haddock for 13%. Most of our shellfish is
transported to Continental markets, and prawns now
account for 13% of GB consumption.
can be divided into three separate categories:
– whitefish including cod, haddock, plaice,
whiting, pollack, saithe (coley), hake,
monk/anglerfish, dover sole, lemon sole, megrim,
witches, brill, turbot, halibut, dogfish, skates,
rays, John Dory, bass, ling, catfish, redfish.
– oil-rich fish including herring, mackerel,
pilchard, sprat, horse mackerel, whitebait, tuna.
including scallops, oysters, cockles, mussels,
including nephrops (scampi, langoustines),
crabs, lobsters, crawfish, shrimps etc.
including octopus, squid, cuttlefish.