Autonomous international anti submarine hunter network for 1st strike ability




The Wolverine ZCC battleship is a modified Bluefish ZCC ™ platform armed with 2 or 4 torpedo launch bays and 30 surface to air missiles (SAMs) included in the design to convert the non polluting vessel to an economical semi-robotic warship. Wolverine ZCC can also carry a minisub, ROV or other equipment that might need to be launched and recovered. The arsenal of weapons is formidable for such a compact design, designed to explore the futility of war and tremendous waste of taxpayer's money on weapons, where climate change and food security are more pressing problems, than whose navy has the biggest male member.


A Wolverine ZCC is necessarily considerably larger than a standard Bluefish ZCC vessel - about 60%. It is also interesting that the cost of the weaponry significantly exceeds the cost of the base vessel, or mothership @ $15 million to $24 million, for a total of $39 million for an all singing and dancing ZCC. That can reduce to $31 million for a twin torpedo and 20 SAM missile ZCC. This is largely academic as weapon prices keep rising, as do build costs, but at least the reader gets some idea of the cost savings of going over to drone destroyers.


The onboard SAM missiles protect the craft from air launched or close-by land based attacks, or to neutralize UAVs such as the MQ9 Reaper. The torpedoes are  to sink submarines specifically, but may also be directed to high value surface ships, such as aircraft carriers - without risking human lives during an engagement. Other devices are included to neutralize pirates who might be foolish enough to chance their arm before realizing what they are taking on, etc.


The ZCC autonomous ability gives naval operators the advantage that once the system is in place, it costs very little to maintain. Shore based monitors may switch to drone mode, should that become an advantage.





• First Strike supremacy
• Low cost sovereignty exclusion zone patrols
• Persistent intelligence gathering and dissemination

• Low risk counter piracy patrols

• Pays for itself in fuel saved every 10 years

• Zero carbon operation












     Mine hunting operational duality












INNOVATION - Nuclear submarines are considered by many superpowers to be a covert delivery system and thus immune to detection. Hence, an insurance policy against first strike. That was so until the concept of the Seawolf autonomous delivery system for the Predator hunter-killers (or similar weapons, including conventional torpedoes). Predator mini-subs are capable of taking out any submarine covertly. A pack (grid) could neutralize a fleet of submarines simultaneously. Once the wolf-pack acquires a target, it passes that information between a network of autonomous ships, each one having the capacity to launch a Predator (or similar weapon), to sink any nuclear submarine while submerged. Once a target is acquired, it is passed between the network and continuously tracked until countermeasures, or first strike may be deemed an appropriate response. The hunter becomes the hunted. A study of a global deployment strategy that will work is long overdue.



THE EDGE - The patent ZCC hullform can be purpose designed to incorporate weapons that give the operating navy an edge, with the ability to upgrade cheaply. Peacekeeping in the 21st century is all about cost and pollution control.


1. ZCCs do not pollute the oceans;

2. Autonomous ZCCs do not require crews or provisioning; 

3. The Wolverine™ modular construction allows cost effective upgrades on a rotation basis;


Should a Seawolf patrol ship be fired upon, the system immediately retaliates to neutralize sea or airborne threats. The network, or pack principle works to warn other craft in the network such as to bring their weaponry to bear on a hostile force.



Nuclear submarine countermeasures, Predator minisub for the Wolverine ZCC

The proposed Predator minisub may be used in the Wolverine ZCC in addition to 21" and 12.75" torpedoes. The active hull auto compensates for displacement loss after firing a torpedo - without drag penalty. This is the only vessel in the world (at this time) that has a design capable of such efficiency.





Capabilities that make ZCC battleships attractive for operational use are:

Factors that limit ZCC weapons operational utility include:


• Low cost deployment
• Multiple target engagements air and sea
• Lower logistical support requirements
• Flexible deployment

• Potential job losses at sea
• Natural energy limitations - development malaise
• Inability to manufacture sufficient numbers in time for  







The RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) is a small, lightweight, infrared homing surface-to-air missile that is ideal for incorporation on a Wolverine ZCC™ warship. The RIM 116 was originally used as a point-defense weapon against anti-ship cruise missiles. The missile is so-named because it rolls around its longitudinal axis to stabilize its flight path, much like a bullet fired from a rifled barrel. It is the only NATO approved missile to operate in this manner.

The Rolling Airframe Missiles, together with the Mk 49 Guided Missile Launching System (GMLS) and support equipment, comprise the RAM Mk 31 Guided Missile Weapon System (GMWS). The Mk-144 Guided Missile Launcher (GML) unit weighs 5,777 kilograms (12,736 lb) and stores 21 missiles. The original weapon cannot employ its own sensors prior to firing so it must be integrated with a ship's combat system, which directs the launcher at targets. On American ships it is integrated with the AN/SWY-2 Ship Defense Surface Missile System (SDSMS) and Ship Self Defense System (SSDS) Mk 1 or Mk 2 based combat systems. SeaRAM, a weapon system model equipped with independent sensors, is subject to sea trials.




In 1998, a memorandum of understanding was signed by the defense departments of Germany and the United States to improve the system, so that it could also engage so-called "HAS", Helicopter, Aircraft, and Surface targets. As developed, the HAS upgrade just required software modifications that can be applied to all Block 1 RAM missiles.


The SeaRAM combines the radar and electro-optical system of the Phalanx CIWS Mk-15 Block 1B with an 11-cell RAM launcher to produce an autonomous system - one which does not need any external information to engage threats. Like the Phalanx, SeaRAM can be fitted to any class of ship. This is still in trial stages and not currently being procured by, for example, the US Navy. In 2008 a SeaRAM system was delivered to be installed on USS Independence (LCS-2).




Primary Function: Surface-to-Air Missile
Contractor: Raytheon, Diehl BGT Defence
Length: 2.79 m (9 ft 2 in)
Diameter: 127 mm (5.0 in)
Fin span: 434 mm (1 ft 5.1 in)
Speed: Mach 2.0+
Warhead: 11.3 kg (24.9 lb) blast fragmentation
Launch Weight: 73.5 kg (162 lb)
Range: 9 km (5.6 mi)
Guidance System: three modes—passive radio frequency/infrared homing, infrared only, or infrared dual mode enabled (radio frequency and infrared homing)
Unit Cost: $444,000



  BAE Stingray 12.75 inch torpedo




A selection of suitable 21" and 12.5" torpedoes. The active hull auto compensates for displacement variables after firing a torpedo - without drag penalty. This is the only vessel in the world (at this time) that has such a feature. We are looking forward to test firing model torpedoes at 1/20th scale, as part of a wargaming based series of trials.





A Wolverine ZCC can be adapted to house two Gould-Honeywell MK48 Mod 7, or the BAE Spearfish 21" torpedoes and two more lighter weight torpedoes, such as the EuroTorp MU90/Impact or Stingray 12.75" torpedoes - to give 4 fish in total - which in comparison to the displacement of the mothership, offers significant firepower delivery on a cost for cost basis - far ahead of any other naval delivery system.





We have shown how to reduce the cost of naval operations by replacing conventional aircraft carriers and submarines with robot warships. The next logical upgrade will be to include cruise missile launch capability in an adapted Wolverine ZCC™ warship. This addition will compliment surface to air missiles and torpedoes with intermediate range nuclear weapons, some of which, such as the RK-55s have a phenomenal range and payload.


Development of the system will be by improvements to existing (off the shelf) weapon formats, to make them smarter. Each Wolverine ZCC (WZCC) will work with its neighboring WZCCs to protect each other. Attack one WZZC and you take them all on, like a swarm of angry hornets. One hornet maybe, but if ten hornets all attack from different angles, you are going to get stung. Likewise, the new Gerald R Ford aircraft carrier might survive an attack by a lone WZCC, but will stand no chance from an attack by a swarm of WZCCs.





The price tag of a Tomahawk tactical cruise missile is in the region of $1.45m. Two-hundred and twenty-two of these, to equip a basic Seawolf network, will add $322 million to the budget. But in reality four units per warship is more realistic, so the figure us nearer $1.28 billion. Doubtless bulk buying will bring this down by negotiation - and of course there are other suitable missiles on the market, or soon coming onto the market which are bound to be more competitive. Other missiles that are suitable Tomahawk substitutes are:


RK-55 (Russia)

Nirbay (India)

DH-10 (China)

Babur (Pakistan)



Launch of a Tomahawk cruise missile  Gorbachev and Reagan signing the INF Agreement


Technicians service a Tomahawk nuclear cruise missile  Inspecting a nuclear tipped Tomahawk cruise missile


The US and Russia are prevented from using intermediate nuclear weapons at this time by virtue of a mutual agreement. Thus the United States and Russian Federation are prevented from including (for example) Tomahawk cruise missiles in any Wolverine ZCC class battleship.





The Tomahawk missile family consists of a number of subsonic long range, all-weather, jet engine-powered missiles designed to attack a variety of surface targets. Although a number of launch platforms have been deployed or envisaged, only sea (both surface ship and submarine) launched variants are currently in service. Tomahawk has a modular design, allowing a wide variety of warhead, guidance, and range capabilities, including nuclear W80 warheads. They weigh 1300-1600 kg depending on boosters.


Tomahawk 109C Block III cruise missile schematic



A major improvement to the Tomahawk is network-centric warfare-capabilities, using data from multiple sensors (aircraft, UAVs, satellites, foot soldiers, tanks, ships) to find its target. It will also be able to send data from its sensors to these platforms. It will be a part of the networked force being implemented by the Pentagon.

"Tactical Tomahawk" takes advantage of a loitering feature in the missile's flight path and allows commanders to redirect the missile to an alternative target, if required. It can be reprogrammed in-flight to attack pre-designated targets with GPS coordinates stored in its memory or to any other GPS coordinates. Also, the missile can send data about its status back to the commander. It entered service with the US Navy in late 2004.

Raytheon Tomahawk cruise missile in flight


In May 2009, Raytheon Missile Systems proposed an upgrade to the Tomahawk Block IV land-attack cruise missile that would allow it to destroy or disable large, hardened warships at 900 nautical miles (1,700 km) range.




Since its introduction, about 6,000 Tomahawks have been manufactured, with 2,000 fired in combat. The Tomahawk is now facing anti-cruise missile surface-to-air missile threats. To counter this, the U.S. is developing a successor to the Tomahawk called the Cruise Missile XR (Extended Range). It will weigh 4,400 lbs, have a 2,000 km (1,200 mi) range, and a 2,000 lb warhead. It will be stealthier and use a combination of guidance and targeting systems. Each Cruise Missile XR is expected to cost $3 million.



Tomahawk cruise missile specifications



RK-55 or SAMPSON SS-N-21


The Novator RK-55 Granat (Russian: РК-55 Гранат 'Garnet'; NATO:SSC-X-4 'Slingshot'; GRAU:3K10) was a Soviet land-based cruise missile with a nuclear warhead. It was about to enter service in 1987 when such weapons were banned under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty. A version launched from submarine torpedo tubes, the S-10 Granat (SS-N-21 'Sampson';GRAU:3M10), has apparently been converted to carry conventional warheads and continues in service to this day.

The RK-55 is very similar to the air-launched Kh-55 (AS-15 'Kent') but the Kh-55 has a drop-down turbofan engine and was designed by MKB Raduga. Both have formed the basis of post-Cold-War missiles, in particular the 3M-54 Klub (SS-N-27 'Sizzler') which has a supersonic approach phase.


RK-55s weigh 1700kg with a 200kt nuclear warhead and a range of 3000 km. Assuming that this specification is accurate, they offer an obvious range and payload advantage over the Tomahawk.



World domination first strike supremacy




AUTONOMOUS PATROLS - Autonomy is all about saving lives, making our oceans a safer place and that includes the threat of a first strike annihilation as being a real possibility should an aggressor step out of line.






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